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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
When an experiment is designed to test a hypothesis and contains both a treatment and a control group, the experimental design is called a __________________

a. Between Subject Experiment
b. Case study
c. Within subject Experiment
d. Correlation Study
Answer: A, a treatment and control group is part of a Between Subject Experiment
either a or c
T/F: If 2 ideas are correlated, this means that one causes the other to occur.
Answer: False. Correlation does not imply causation.
T/F) A conditioned response from associative learning is primarily achieved through top-down mental processing.
False (the response does not involve thought or knowledge, it trains the subject to correlate ideas or experiences on the spot, without conscious mental effort)
In which method of learning does the reinforcer promote the desired behavior?

A. Classical Conditioning
B. Operant Learning
C. Instrumental Learning
D. Both B and C
The correct answer is D; operant learning is also known as instrumental learning. In classical conditioning the reinforcer is perceived by the animal forming a relationship between conditioned and unconditioned stimuli.
Touching a stovetop to see if it was working and pulling your hand away when you realize it is hot, demonstrates a use of what type of pathway?
A. Afferent
B. Efferent
C. Somatic
D. Both a & b
The answer here would be D, because efferent pathways are utilized when the brain tells the muscles to place the hand on the stove, and afferent pathways are utilized when the brain realizes that the stove is hot and automatically pulls the hand away.
You are a renowned psychiatrist, and you have been asked to examine Patient Z who has an unknown mental condition that is associated with various abnormalities of certain physiological functions. The medical examination shows that he has increased heart rate and blood pressure. You also notice that he is in a constant state of arousal and always appears ready to flee, especially in different environments. In choosing his medication, you should try to incorporate a drug that will:

a) increase parasympathetic activity and decrease sympathetic activity
b) decrease parasympathetic activity and increase sympathetic activity
c) increase both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity
d) decrease both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity
The answer is a) because Patient Z exhibits signs of sympathetic division stimulation, he is in a physiologically aroused state. To relieve his distress, he should be given something to decrease the sympathetic activity and increase parasympathetic activity.
1) Which is an example of Positive Punishment?
a. Giving James candy when he has good behavior
b. Taking away a Jamie’s cell phone when she goes over her minutes
c. Putting soap in a Justin’s mouth after he swears
d. Not making Joanne take out the trash after she brings home a good report card.
Which of these is an example of a sensory process being transduced into a perception?
a. sound waves in the air being translated into electrical energy by a microphone
b. electrical waves being translated into sound waves by a loudspeaker
c. light energy being converted into nerve energy by the retina
d. all of the above
T/F Attention is an ability attributed to top down modulation and when it is applied to a person’s basic sensory intake, it becomes a higher order process.
False. Because, attention (and perception) are abilities under the category of higher order processing, and the act of applying attention to basic sensory intake then becomes top down modulation.
True/False Question: The act of thinking, a major topic in psychology, is categorized as a behavior.
The answer would be false since thinking is a mental process due to the fact that it is not observable.
A subject is shown a list of twenty words and is allowed to read the list once. Then the subject is given a computer recognition test, where the word is flashed on the screen, which contains half of the words from the previously shown list and half new words. The subjects identified words from the previously viewed word list at a significantly higher rate than those on the unprimed list. What is this an example of? (i.d. the word)
a. explicit memory
b. implicit memory
c. top-down processing
d. declarative memory
The answer is b. implicit memory. Simply glancing words once before, will prime a person’s implicit memory and increase their performance on recognition tests, even if the person doesn’t realize that they are being primed.
“When learning language, children are able to remember many words after hearing them only once.” This statement would most likely be said by a:

a. Darwinist
b. Behaviorist
c. Nativist
d. Humanist
the answer to the mutiple choice. it is c) Nativist
A patient is brought in who is having trouble creating comprehensive words and sentences; however, they are able to comprehend what the doctor tells them and can understand something written on a piece of paper. What is most likely their condition?
A) Wernike’s Aphasia
B) Stroke
C) Broca’s Aphasia
D) Parkinson’s Disease
Answer: C) Broca’s Aphasia; people with Broca’s Aphasia can understand others but due to damage to Broca’s area cannot produce fluent speech. People with Wernike’s Aphasia have trouble not only with spoken speech but with understanding spoken and written speech.
Jim is a very shy and introverted man. What is the probability Jim is a librarian or a circus clown? You decide that Jim is more characteristic of a librarian. What form of inductive reasoning did you use?
A. Framing Effect
B. Representativeness Heuristic
C. Confirmation Bias
D. Availability Hueristic
The correct answer would be (B) Representativeness Heuristic because you are basing your conclusion on what your generalizations are of the characteristics of a librarian. Librarians are thought to be shy and quiet; therefore, you are classifying Jim as one because he possesses those attributes.
A child raised in an orphanage overrun with AIDS infections, poor sanitation and massive malnutrition is most likely to be characterized later in life as being which of the following?

A) outgoing
B) aggressive
C) anxious and nonsocial
D) both b & c
The correct answer would be D. A child raised in an orphanage of this nature (as were the Romanian orphans) would be in an environment similar to Harlow’s monkeys without any attachment or outside contact. As shown by Harlow’s experiment, the lack of attachment can prove to be socially and emotionally damaging into adolescence and adulthood.
If Bob received high scored on an intelligence test in the subjects of math, reading, and writing, this would support the idea of ______

a) multiple intelligences
b) implicit memory
c) “g” factor
d) fluid intelligence
The correct answer is c because the idea of the “g” factor suggests that there is one universal intelligence level, so therefore our intelligence in all subjects would be similar.
True/False: Social psychology explains how a person acts in a group, and behaviorism explains how a person acts when he or she is alone.
Answer: False. Both approaches try to determine the factors that guide an individual’s behavior, but neither is bound to specific contexts.
Which part of the brain is responsible for higher cognitive processes and continues to change through all the stages of development?
A. Parietal Lobe
B. Limbic Regions
C. Temporal Lobe
D. Frontal Lobe
Answer: D. The frontal lobe changes until a person reaches his or her late 20s and is responsible for executive function.
Question: The Dodo Bird Verdict implies_____.
a. that individual mental disorders require a specific or appropriate therapy.
b. all the major forms of psychotherapy are equally effective.
c. that placebos are typically the best form of psychotherapy.
d. all of the above