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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
size of film for forearm
10*12 OR 14*17
Routine for forearm
AP and lateral
What should the lateral projection of the forearm show?
superimposition by the radial head over the coronoid process
Position of pt for forearm
*shoulder, elbow, and wrist all in the same plane
*hold arm straight or at 90dg
A forearm should include everything from ____ to ____.
the olecranon process of the ulna to the styloid process of the radius
Pronation of the hand _____ and ____ to show a _____ projection.
*crosses the radius over the ulna
*rotates the humerus medially
*oblique
A forearm must clearly demonstrate what two things?
wrist and distal humerous
elbow film size
8*10
Routine for an elbow
*lateral
*AP
*AP oblique (medial rotation)
*AP oblique (lateral rotation)
position of pt for elbow
shoulder, elbow, and wrist all in the same plane
On an AP of the elbow, the humeral epicondyles are ____ with the IR
parallel
Two resons to flex the elbow 90 deg for a lateral
*the olecranon process can be seen in profile
*the elbow fat pads are least compressed
What should be clearly demonstrated on a lateral elbow?
*superimposed humeral epicondyles
*olecranon process seen in profile
What should be clearly demonstrated on the AP medial rotation of the elbow?
Olecranon process withing the olecranon fossa
film size for humerus
14*17
position of part/IR for AP humerus
place the upper margin of the IR 1 1/2 inches above the humeral head
The epicondyles should be ___ on a lateral humerus.
perpendicular
film size for shoulder
10*12 AND 8*10
position of part/IR on AP shoulder
IR should be 1 in inferior to the coracoid process
routine for a normal shoulder
*AP neutral
*AP external rotation
*AP internal rotation
routine for a trauma shoulder
*AP neutral
*Y scapular lateral view OR erect PA oblique
external rotation of shoulder shows ____.
*greater tubercle in profile on the lateral aspect of the humerus
*scapulohumeral joint visualized
neutral rotation of shoulder shows ____.
humeral epicondyles at a 45 deg angel with the IR
internal rotation of shoulder shows ____.
lesser tubercle in profile and pointing medially
film size for clavicle
10*12
routine for a clavicle
*AP
*AP axial
which clavicle view shows most detail and why?
PA b/c its closer to the IR
why is collimation so important on clavicle?
to keep unnecessary radiation from reaching the IR phosphor = better image
respiration on an AP clavicle
suspend at the end of exhalation
how much angulation on an AP axial clavicle
20-30 deg
respiration on an AP axial clavicle and why
suspend at the end of a full breath to further elevate and agle the clavicle
film size for scapula
10*12
routine for scapula
*AP
*lateral (RAO or LAO body position)