Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The legislator should be a trustee and vote how he sees fit until the public gets involved, at which point he should return to the delegate mode
The legislator is a delegate most of the time, but if an issue keeps her head off the pillow at night, she turns into a trustee
conscience mode
Legislators must “act in the same manner as the whole body would act, were they present” -Thomas Paine (1776)
delegate model of representation
The legislator should consider the will of the people, but then should do what he or she thinks is best for the nation as a whole and in the long term. Burkean conception.
trustee model of representation
In almost all states, the process of redistricting must be undertaken every ___years to reflect changes in the state’s overall population relative the the rest of the country
population shifts within the state
ten years
The drawing of legislative districts for partisan advantage
Lumping opposition voters in one area
Splitting up groups of voters so they do not constitute a majority in any district
Work Horse of the Legislature

Members can become policy experts
More issues can be considered
Legislators can be on committees relevant to constituents
“Safety valve” function
Standing Committee
a committe of members of the house and senate that irons out differences in similar measures that have passed both houses to create a single bill
conference committee
a temporary committee created to deal with a specific issue
select committee
units that conduct oversight or issue research, but do not have legislative powers
joint committee
The United States ____ has the sole power to try all Impeachments. ____ to convict.
the advisers considered most important to the president-usually the secretaries of the departments of State, Defense, Treasury, and Justice
inner cabinet
a group of the presidential staff agencies that provides the president with help and advice
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
an organization within the EOP to advise the prseident on foreign and domestic military policies related to national security
National Security Council (NSC)
the office that presidents use to better understand and control policies related to the financial operations of the government
office of management and budget (OMB)
a group of economists within the EOP appointed by the president to provide advice on economic policy
Council of Economic Advisors
the highest ranking member of the EOP and hence the most important of the presidents advisors
chief of staff
A pyramid structure with the Chief of Staff reporting directly to the president-- others go through CoS.
Hierarchical Organization model.
Like a wheel and spokes.
collegial model
defined: Constitutional powers that are assigned to one governmental agency but that are exercised by another agency with the express permission of the first.
delegated powers
defined: Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution but are inferred from it.
inherent powers
Veto power
Recommend measures
State of the Union
Presidential Legislative authority
Appointing ambassadors

Receiving ambassadors


Executive Agreements

Fast-track trade authority

Meeting with foreign leaders to forge ties and make formal alliances
President as Chief Diplomat
Cief of State
Chief Legislator
Chief Diplomat
Commander and CHief
Many HAts of the president
Power of persuasion is the power to bargain
High self esteem, oriented towards results, adaptive

Kennedy Truman FDR
Intense effort with low emotional reward, motivated by personal ambition-
Active Negative

Nixon Johnson
Try to please others, compliant with decisions by others
Passive Positive

Minimal Performance, low self esteem, work out of sense of duty
passive negative

Organizations with a hierarchical structure and specific responsibilities, which operate on management principles intended to enhance efficiency and effectiveness
any of the fifteen major government agencies responsible for specific policy areas whose heads are usually called secretaries and serve in the president's cabinet
federal agencies with narrow responsibilities for a specific policy issue, such as the environmet, not covered by one of the fifteen environmental departments
interdependent agencies
have broad discretion to make rules for particular industries. Examples include:

the Federal Trade Commissions
the Federal Communications Commission
the Federal Elections Commission
Interdependent regulatroy agencies
federal law that limits the participation of federal government employees in political campaigns to protect them from feeling obligated to donate money or work for political candidates
Hatch Act
ensures employees are hired on the basis of their qualifications and cannot be fired merely for belonging to the wrong political party
pendleton act
meeting of the committee to debate and consider amendments to a measure under consideration.
committee markup