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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
process of increasing interconnectedness btwn societies such that evens in one part of the world more and more have effects on peoples in societies far away.
what is a globalized world?
political, econ, cultural, and social events become more and more interconnected and has more impact.
5 evidences of globalization
economic, cultural, social, military and environmental
integration of nations through trade, investments, cap flows and migration.
mix of homogenization - from the global diffusion of pop culture to heterogenity -from assertion of ethnic diversity, multiculturalism.
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the global arms trade, and hte spread of int'l terrorism.
shifting patterns of migration
shared problems form global warming to species protection to the emergence of multi lateral responses and regimes to address the threats/
2 engines of globalization
tech progress and politics
tech progress
int'l comm
info tech
3 phases of globalization
age of discovery-1870 1914
spread of retrenchment of euro powers 1850-1945
contemporary globalization - post wwII
wave one: age of discovery
marked by euro expansion and conquest
increases in flows of cap and people, nearly doubling in flow of trade
driven by policies which liberalized the flows and by tech....reduced transport costs
starts a division of trade in which developing countries specializing in primary commodities export to the developed countries in return for manufactures.
wave 2-
reversal driven by policy choices which outweigh tech progress (nationalism v. protectionism)
cap flows, migration and trade collapse
wave 3 1980- on
trade to GDP rises to unprecedented levels .. trade is the engine of globalization
thre structure of trade is changed -exports are no longer dominated by minerals and ag
4 theories of world politics
realism, marxism, constructivism, and liberalism
The Cold War 1945-1989
-poli and mili rivalry b/w the US and the USSR
-conflict b/w capitalism and communism
-extension of bipolar conflict of 3rd world
-division of europe
Bipolar Confrontation = Balance of power
equilibrium of power among many rivals prevents the preponderance of any one state and provides some predictability to int'l relations

competition w/o direct military confrontation b/w us and ussr

hot wars were fought in 3rd worlds
5 reasons to end the cold war
1. US pressure
2. USSR econ decline
3. soviet imperial overstretch
4. intrinsic weakness of communism
5. agency and choice
Liberal Views: end of cold war
1. spread of democracy - they dont fight eachother
2. greater role for intl institutions- help to ovr come the logic of world anarchy and restrain nations to act in more pacific ways
3. more integrated econs - interdependence fosters coop and increases cost of violent conflict
Fukuyama's end of history 1989 thesis
-since the french revolution history has been driven by conflict of collectivism vs. indvidualism

early 20th century saw a tilt towards collectivism but began to tilt the other way in the 70s

the fall of the USSR signals the end of a hisorical phase now replaced b one where capitalist econ values prevail globally
the fall of the USSR let the US have unrivaled dominance

implication- unprecedented freedom to advance the US foreign policy

US became a superpower w/out a mission
Russia Decline

5 Post Communist Russia Crisis
-coup attempt in 91 - comm. headliners briefly deposed of gorbechav
-in the transition period over 80% of Russian experienced a reduction in their stanard of living
-Constitutional Crisis of 93- dissolution of country's legislature
-financial crisis of 98
-war with Chechyna
Boris Yeltsin and Putin
-overall decline in military power and intl influence
-difficulty in the consolidation of democracy after communism
Post WWII - 90 Europe
- peaceful relations, democratic consoldation, econ interdendence, and propserity in W. Euro
-reapproachment b/w france and germany
-support for institutions furthering integration w/in w europe created in 50's
The Post Cold War Major Political Change
-german reunification
-war in former yugo
-expansion of Nato to include past comm nations
-intensified integration
European Integration
Treaty of Paris-51 and Treaty of Rome
Treaty of Paris 51 and Rome 57
-euro coal and steel community
-euro econ community
-euro atomic energy community
6 members in 51, 9 in 73, 12 in 86
Euro Union
Maastricht Treaty 92 (EU treaty)
Treaties of Amsterdam 97 and Nice in 01
Key Decisions in China
-open relations to US
-integrate china into global econ
-opening without democratization
econ development and the demand for democracy
What is the Dominant Theory of Int'l Relations?
-emphasizes the influence of power and the competitive nature of politics among nations
-states are the main actors in intl relations
-competition b/w states is viewed in zero sum terms (more for one actor means less for another)
Realist and the shadow of anarchy
intl politics takes place in an arena w/out central authority above the collection of sovereign states
Nat'l interest is state survival
-ea state is responsible for ensuring its own survival
states seek peace through strength
skeptical of universal moral principles
state self interest shouldnt be sacrificed in pursuit of some indeterminate notion of ethical conduct govt should focus on state interest not ideology
states cant dpend on intl inst to ensure their own security
co op is hard to achieve, difficult to maintain, and depends greatly on state power
classical realism
thucydides-pelo war
machia - the prince
great debate -aggressive impulses of human nature concerned about consequences of human ambition, self interest and fear.
Post WWII realism
power is an end in itself and military capability is the most important element of state's power
Structural Realism or Neo Realism
emphasizes the structure of the intl sys distribution of capabilities across nations
-the ultimate concern o staes is not so much fo power but for security
power stems from diff capabilities of the stae not just mili capacity
states try to max security - largely dependent on capabilities of the state
Central Sys for order in Intl System is the balance of power
bop results irrespective of the intentions of any particular state
bipolarity stablizes distr of power
2 probs dealing with co op
security dilemma - providing security fuels insecurity of others
-relative gains - states are not only interested in power and ifnluece but also in how much power and inluence other states may achieve any co op behavior

who will gain more if all co op?
Realism in Post WWII
disorder expected changes in BOP creates incentives for ppl to challenge US
Deterrance and Containment - preferred over costly mili interventions - foreign policy should be guided by natl interest not ideology or moral concerns
criticized for failing to predict the end of the cold War
neo realist views on globalization
great powers will set the terms of poli and mili interaction in intl relations
states remain the primary actors
states have exanded their functions and their control over societies and econ in the US and abroad
states still have a monopoly over the legal use of coercive force
globalization managed by state actors
uneven gains produced by globalization bring new security concerns