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45 Cards in this Set

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Is Congress bicameral and what does Congress do?
Bicameral.
1. Lawmaking
2. Oversight
3. Budget-making
What is redistricting?
Redrawing of boundaries of the congressional districts within each state.
What is gerrymandering and how does it effect redistricting.
Gerrymandering is redistricting to favor the group or party in power.
If a state legislature is required to redistrict the state then they can use redistricting tactics to benefit their party or cause.
What is pork barreling?
Give an example.
Benefits a specific district or state.
When passing a bill some representatives may put in acts that will benefit their district.
How are standing committee assignments made?
Party leaders decide.
What are some things that can happen in a committee?
Public testimony
Amending or "marking up" the bill
Voting out favorable
Voting down
Pigeonholing the bill
What are House Rule Committees?
Sets up rules and procedures for floor debate.
Schedules bills.
What are Conference Committees?
Irons out differences in House and Senate versions of bills.
Must go back to House and Senate floor for final vote.
How does Congress prepare the budget?
The Office of Management and Budget submits the President's budget to Congress.
Congress then drafts a finalized version and must pass the resolution in both houses.
It is then handed back to the President for approval.
What are the Presidential job requirements?
35 years old
Resident of U.S. - 14 years
"Natural Born" citizen
What are the limits of the President on the appointment power?
Most appointments must be approved by Senate
Growth of the Civil Service - permanent bureaucracy
What are the limits of the president on budget power?
Revenue estimates
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) prepares 1st draft of budget
President shapes debate over spending
Explain the President's veto power.
Must act within 10 days or bill becomes law
Congress may override - with 2/3 vote in both houses
No line item veto (power to veto lines or items in a bill)
What is the War Powers Act?
President must inform Congress within 48 hours of committing troops to combat.
Use of forces must end in 60 days (with a 30 day extension) unless Congress authorizes a longer period.
What does the White House Office staff do?
Manage day-to-day details
Chief of Staff - top aide
Most loyal
What do the members of the President's cabinet do?
Advise President
Head their department
What is an Executive Order?
Rules or regulations issued by the President that have the force of law.
Gives effect to existing laws or treaties.
Give an example of an Executive Order.
1999 Kosovo war by Bill Clinton
What are some of the President's diplomatic powers?
Receives and appoints ambassadors.
Negotiates treaties (approved by Senate).
Executive Agreements (does not require Senate approval).
Officially recognizes foreign governments.
What is the Office of Management and Budget and what does it do?
It assembles the budget documents and monitors federal agencies throughout each year.
What is the National Security Council and what does it do?
An agency in the Executive Office of the President that advises the president on national security.
What are the Economic Advisors and what do they do?
Advises the OMB and the President on fiscal issues.
It is part of the Executive Office.
The President's leadership over Congress includes what?
Skill of persuasion
Veto acts of congress
What is executive privilege?
The right of executive officials to withhold information.
Give an example of casework by a member of Congress.
When members of congress work to solve the problems of their constituents. Most of the time with the goal of being reelected.
What is the major responsibility for the Majority Whip?
Count noses.
Help build support for party positions.
What is a major responsibility for the Deputy Whip?
The primary assistant to the whip.
What is Congressional Oversight?
The review, monitoring, and supervision of federal agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation.
What is the jurisdiction of Congressional Oversight?
Conduct inquiries or investigations into executive.
Have access to records or materials by executive.
Issue subpeonas for documents or testimony from executive.
What concerns the federal courts?
They review the constitionality of congressional acts, presidential actions, or state laws.
What are the Federal District Courts?
The general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
Civil and criminal cases are held here.
What is the US Court of Appeals?
The court which has the power to consider or hear an appeal.
A court of appeal is also a superior court.
Who is the Majority Party Leader in The House?
Nancy Pelosi
Who is the Minority Party Leader in The Senate?
Mitch McConnell
Who is the Majority Party Leader in The Senate?
Harry Reid
Who is the Minority Party Leader in The House?
John Boehner
What is judicial review?
The power of a court to review a law or an official act of a government employee or agency for constitutionality.
What does the Constitution say about Judicial Review?
Judicial power exists in one court in the US.
Congress can appoint this power to lower courts if necessary.
The power will extend to all cases under the Constitution.
What are some arguments for judicial review?
Court protects "fundamental rights."
Court not subject to political pressure.
Court provides objective interpretation of rights.
What are some arguments against judicial review?
It is undemocratic because members are not elected.
The will of the majority may be violated.
What are the Supreme Court Opinions?
Majority opinion explains the decision.
Dissenting opinion disagrees with the decision and is optional.
Concurring opinion agrees with the majority decision, but for a different reason and is also optional.
What is Judicial Restraint?
A philosophy that federal judges should limit their own power and defer to the decisions made by the elected representatives.
What is Judicial Activism?
A philosophy that judges should take an active role to check the activities of governmental bodies which exceed their authority.
What date designates the federal budget year?
October 1
What is an example of the president expanding the war-making powers?
October 16th, 2002. "Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against Iraq."
Basically he gave himself a blank check for invading Iraq.