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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
communitarianism (communal activism)
often results in innovative new approaches to problems that may not be perceived by the general population. a moderate form of collectivism or "democratic socialism".
city charters
the powers that cities have under state law; a legal document establishing a municipality such as a city or town. In the United States, such charters are established either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law, usually after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population.
constitutional conventions
a meeting of delegates to adopt a new constitution or revise an existing constitution; an informal and uncodified procedural agreement
home rule charters
modifies the traditional subordinate relationship of cities to states by permitting cities to draft and approve their own chaters, and it limits the ability of states to act on certain local matters. Home rule cities are free to enact their own laws as long as they are not contray to state law.
individualistic culture
developed in the business centers of New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore; participation is limited because politics is viewed as just another means by whcih individuals may improve their economic and social position. Because corruption is accepted as a natural part of politics, its disclosure is unlikely to produce public protest.
"Melting-Pot" states
in the seven states (California, New mexico, Texas, Florida, Hawaii, New Jersey, and New York) non-Hispanics constituted 61 percent of the voting population in 2000, compared to 71 percent of the voting population overall in the United States.
constitutional initiative
allows proponents of reform to have suggestions for limited change placed on the ballot. The process is time-consuming and often expensive for reform groups, especially in large states.
Progressive movement
was an effort to cure many of the ills of American society that had developed during the industrial growth in the last quarter of the 19th century.
moralistic culture
developed out of the tradition of Puritanism and town meetings in New England; political participation is regarded as the duty of each citizen in a political setting where government seeks to promote the public welfare of all persons.
"Slow-Growth/Decliner" states
in the interior of the country are 81 percent white and 12 percent black, with little domestic or international in-migration; Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connetticut, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinos, Winconson, Minnisota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana.
public interest
refers to the "common well-being" or "general welfare." The public interest is central to policy debates, politics, democracy and the nature of government itself.
spoils system
political parties give public jobs to their supporters
a tendency among sections in bureaucracy to blindly focus on the interest of a section and look at the over tendency of the Presidents wrongs and not benefit the whole. In national politics, sectionalism is often a precursor to separatism. In a political context, sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than the nation as a whole. Sectionalism is believing one's own life style is better than others'.
tradition culture
developed in the plantation society of the Old South; voter turnout is low and voting regulations are restrictive. Government is controlled by an elite whose family and social position give it a "right" to govern. In many cases citizens are not even expected to vote.
a region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the South and Southwest, extending from southern California through Arizona, Texas, Florida, and up the Atlantic coast to Virginia.