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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
confederacy
a union in which the states alone are sovereign
unitary system
soverignity is vested solely in the national government
enumerated (expressed) powers
constitution granted 17 enumerated powers to congress
supremacy clause
provides that the law of the united states shall be the supreme law of the land
necessary and proper clause
gave congress the power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers.
implied powers
the authority to action that is not expressly authorized by the constitution but that supports actions that are ao authorized.
reserved powers
the powers not delegated to the united states by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states
commerce clause
states that congress dhall have the power to regulate commerce anong the states but does not spell out the economic activites included in the grant of power
cooperative federalism
based on shard policy responsibilites rather than sharply divided ones
fiscal federalism
refers to the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments
grants-in -aid
cash payments to states and localities which then administer a program
categorical grants
can only be used for a designated activity
black grants
the fereal gov't specifies the general area in which the funds must be used, but the state and local official select the specific projects
devolution
embodies the ides that american federalism will be improved by a shift in authority from the federal gov't to the state on local gov'ts