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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What clause equalizes civil rights from state to state?
Full faith and credit clause
Who has the power to impeach the president?
House of representatives
What is the procedure to stop a filibuster?
Who approves judiciary nominees?
Who elects the president?
The electoral college
Who is the current chief justice?
John Roberts
Who was the first African American elected to the supreme court?
Thurgood Marshall
Who was the first woman elected to the supreme court?
Sandra Day O'Conner
What is the 12th amendment?
Seperating votes between the president and vice president
In case of a tie for the presidential election, who gets the deciding vote?
The house of representatives
What is the privilege to use free mail?
Which amendment gives people the right to elect legislators?
17th amendment
Political culture
Beliefs we hold towards government symbols
Decides who gets what, when and where (distribution of goods)
Explains how states interact
Horizontal federalism
Equality of opportunity
Everyone has the chance to try to succeed, but not everyone is born into the same situations.
Euality of result
Helping those less fortunate by taking from those who are priveleged.
When people of the political minority, join together to seek political influence
An independent self-government
Social contract theory
People have inherent social codes. If a person breaks the code, the government may punish them, but if the government breaks the code, the poeple should revolt.
A league of sovereign states that delegate powers on certain issues to a central government.
Interstate commerce clause
Allowed the national government to provide uniform policies among the states
General welfare clause
Allowed the national government to enforce laws by penalizing or rewarding states with money
which amendment restricted the national government to its delegated powers?
10th amendment
What are the delegated powers?
Power to declare war
Power to raise and support an army
Power to make treatise
Power to coin money
Implied powers
Powers not specifically stated in the constitution but infered from the expressed powers
Inherent powers
Powers that are not specifically stated in the constitution but assumed because of the nature of government
Concurrent powers
powers shared by national and state governments
Dual federalism
State and national governments remain supreme and seperate in their own jurisdictio
Cooperative federalism
Shared power and responsibility between national and state governments
Ruling which stated the Bill of Rights must be protected by the states, as well as the national government.
Money paid to states to reward them for implementing federal policies
Categorical grant
Money given to a state for a specific purpose, with strict rules
Block grant
Money given to a state for general funding, with few rules.
Recognition that the government has the right to make laws which we will obey
Recognition that the government gained power in a fair manner
The ability to get someone to do what you want
Unitary government
Powerful central government and weak subordinate governments
Confederal government
Powerful subordinate governments and weak national government
Federal government
Sharing of power between national government and subordinate governments
10th amendment
Amendment which grants certain powers to the states
What are the reserved powers?
Power to regulate intrastate commerce
Police powers
What are concurrent powers?
The power to tax
The power to establish banks
The power to charter corporations
Interstate compacts
Treatise between states covering issues of mutual concern.
Interstate extradition
Returning a criminal to the state they fleed from.
If a state does not like a federal law it simply ignores it
What is the maximum number for the House of Representatives?
435 members
Redrawing district lines and adjusting the number of representatives from each state to coincide with population changes
An attempt to redistrict according to where a certain political party is the marjority.
Congress members who feel bound to follow the wishes of the majority of their state.
Congress members who feel authorized to use their best judgment when making decisions, regardless of what their constituents feel.
A candidate who is currently in the office they are running for.
Speaker of the House
The leader of the house majority
What are the jobs of the speaker of the house?
Presides over the House of representatives
Appoints members of the policy committee
Controls the assignment of bills
Party members in charge of counting prospective votes and making sure party members have all the information they need.
Senate president
Vice president
Casts the deciding vote in the event of a tie.
President pro tempore
If the vice president is absent, the majority party leader with the longest time in the senate presides over it.
Who is in charge of reconciling differences between the the House and Senate versions of a bill?
Conference committees
House Rules committee
Determines what bills will be discussed on the House floor, how long the debate can last, and what kind of amendments will be allowed to the bill.
A temporary alliance between legislators where each supports the other's policy.
Omnibus legislation
Packing multiple bills into one large bill so it must be accepted in its entirety.
A majority of members need to be present to start business in congress each day.
The responsibility of the legislative branch to oversee the executive branch.
Electoral mastery
Strong base of support incumbents build in order to be free of constant re-electin worries.
Who is the current speaker of the house?
Nancy Palosi
What are the requirements to become a president?
you must be a natural born citizen
You must be 35 years old
You must be a resident of the U.S. for 14 years
How many Electoral College votes does a president need to win the election?
270 votes
How many representatves does California have
54 congressmen and 2 senators
President as chief executive
President enforces acts of congress
Has the power to appoint and remove members
President as commander in chief
President in charge of military
War powers resolution
President has to consult with congress before he commits U.S. forces, or notify them within 48 hours. Those forces can remain in place for 60 days, with a 30 day exit.
President as chief legislator
President tries to help shape the agenda of congress
President as chief diplomat
President makes treatise, recognizes foreign governments and nominates ambassadors
President as chief of state
President's ceremonial role
President as party leader
President promotes political party
President as crisis leader
president provides support for the country in the midst of an emergency
President as moral leader
President upholds traditinoal values
President as manager of prosperity
President manages the economy
How many members are on the supreme court?
8 associate judges
1 chief justice
Original jurisdiction
Supreme court acts as a trial court and hears a case for the first time.
Appelate jurisdiction
Supreme court reviews a case that has already been heard by lower courts.
Court decision
Tells us which party the court is siding with
Court opinion
Legal reasons for why the court is siding with a particular party
Majority opinion
At least 5 out of 9 justices agree with the decision and leagl reasons behind it
Dissenting opinion
Written by a justice who disagrees with the decision and opinion.
Concurring opinion
Written by a justice who agrees with the decision but has different reasons why.
Judicial review
The right of the federal courts to declare any action of the federal government unconstitutional.
Presidents who believe they have a duty to serve popular interests and do not need specific authorization to take action.
A president who believes he can only exercise power which can be traced to the constitution
The supreme court's agenda