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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anarchical Political System
Beginning of "The state is the highest power we have". Contains a set of informal rules.
With lack of authority states will do whatever they want which often leads to war
Power Poles
multipolar system: actor in the international system that has enough military, econonmic, and diplomatic power to play an important role in the system in determining the rules
Limited Unipolarity
There is one state in the world with the most power or influence but due to international dependencies that state depends on smaller ones to keep its status.
Max Weber-expectations about the behavior of other human beings
When one state wins another must lose
Low Politics
Environmental issues, world health, ect. UN exceeds in Low Politics
High Politics
National and international security concerns. Military Politics
Dependency Theory
A set of Core states exploit a set of weaker Periphery states for their prosperity. Keeps the weaker states at Periphery level
Capitalist World System:
Strong countries like USA and England
Poor states like in Africa
States in between that create a buffer zone. They stabilize the system
Study of language. Creates human reality
System Level
Broad concepts that define and shape international environment and setting
State Level
Looks at just the state rather than the whole world.
Proximate Cause
The cause which brings about the loss, without the intervention of any other cause
Remote Cause
An event preceeding another
A unit that has a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory
In a nation, members share a common identity. Gives cultural and social identity
combonation of the two
A state within a nation conducting their own policy and international relations. ex Quebec
Stateless nation
A group that claims it is its own nation. A group seeking secession
Multinational State
A state in which the population consists of two or more ethnically distinct nations
The perception that a country exceptional and thus does not have to obide to normal rules
A fear of foreigners or strangers
People of the world are interconnected due to technology
The legitimate exercise of power by a state. It is the exclusive right to complete political control over an area. Theres no higher authority
The Study of Political Science
-The process of resovling conflicts and deciding who gets what.
-Power underlies politics
-Modifying behavior is the main key of using power
-Political scientists are concerned with a pattern of events
Goals of political science
1. Description of the event
2. Prediction (ex: the main reason for war is because countries border each other)
3. Prescription (policy: take what youve learned and make propositions/laws
Political scientists look to support their theories. They use:
-observation (case study or experimentation)
-quantitative methods (things that can be replicated:mathematics)
John Lewis Gaddis 5 keys to political science
1. Parsimony-simple laws that drive human events
2. Variables-we need solid independent/dependent variables
3. Accounting for change-patterns of events that re-occur
4. Commensurability-common terms or definitions
5. Objectivity-not bringing in personal bias
Historical Turning Points: 1. Peace of Westphalia 1648
-Change from religious struggle to geo-political.
-Beginning of modern state system
-Anarchical Political system. Beginning of belief that the state is the highest power we have
2.End of WWII
-Beginning of nuclear age
-Bi polar system. 2 superpowers. The rest of the world bandwaggoned and choose a side
-Polarized the world. Made world more stable because we know who our enemies are
3. End of Cold War
-Fall of the Berlin wall
-End of the Warsaw pact
-Soviet Union no longer a superpower. Russia turned into 14 states
-End of history? Democracy will move on
18th and 19th century
-Westernization of international system
-Rapid industrialization
-Creation of true multipolar system. Some states went forward and some were left behind.
Commonalities among liberals
1. Establish democratic governments-democratic principles reduce conflict
2. Emphasis on free trade-unfettered trade helps prevent disputes
3. Advocacy of international institutions
4. Belief in international norms and behavior
5. Power is not zero sum
6. Optimistic for change-a higher level of peace will come
Limitations of liberalism
1. Idealist heritage-minimal impact on state behavior
2. Area of concentration-low politics vs high politics
3. Turns foreign policy into a liberal crusade
Post modernism
How do we know what we know
Meirshimers 5 assumptions
1. Ideas beliefs and identities (how they were formed)
2. Constructed by affiliation (you do not form your ID, others do
3. Emphasize social factors (the way you interact with others)
4. Values, views, and ideas determine state behavior
5. Belief and concetration on change
Social Act
Process of signaling/interpreting/reacting