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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
attentive publics
well informed people (elected officials)
imediate opinion
in and around (lobbyists, interest groups, media)
distant opinion
not a big influence (districts/states)
interest groups
organization that shares the same view/interest
special interest groups
different interest that the general public does not share
pressure groups
able to bring pressure on elected officials and meet their needs (voters and money)
primary groups
influence the outposts or decisions of government
3 types of groups:
categorical, interest, political interest
1st amendment
guarantees the right of freedom of speech and assembly
3 types of interest groups:
single interest, narrow focus, broad focus
single purpose
1 purpose (save the whales)
narrow focus
prevent something happening (NRA)
broad focus
many different policies that effect everyone (AARP)
bocoming a lobbyist
degree, local system, hired by big companies
lobbyists and pursuasion
send by various groups to persuade them
1. take them out to eat
2. offer gifts up to $100
3. monetary gifts ($ for speaking)
4. campaign contributions
1) political action committees
raise money for that interest group to use in politics (soft and hard money)
hard money
comes with certain restrictions
soft money
unrestricted money in behalf of someone (to campaign)
2) media blitzes
through mass media, aim to send messeges to the american public in order for them to influence the govt.
media problems
people may not get the message or act upon it, it is also expensive
3) demonstratives
legal, in order to get the attention
4) petition signings
legal, signed documents
5) develop strong party ties
interest groups raise money and give it to the party
6) providing information
usually through lobbyists
factors of interest group strength
size, unity, prestige, leadership, political environment
high class party, split due to slavery issue
form as antislavery party, elects Lincoln
the changing from one party control to another
Misery Index
measured by inflation, unemployment, and interest rates
Converting Election
major shift in parties but does not change the controling party
Characteristics of our US two party system
1) parties focus on moderate platforms
2) pragmatism (nonideological-parties change stances on issues)
3) stability of affiliations
4) lack of powerful minor parties
A) impact which major party is elected
B) force parties to deal with issues
5) operation of 1 part systems at the state level
6) decentralization
1) support "butter" issues (guns vs. butter)
2) support working class
3) critical of big business
4) support welfare programs
5) pro environmental, gun control, foreign aid
1) less supportive of welfare
2) more support for upper class
3) less support for redistribution of wealth
4) status quo oriented
Democrat supporters
urbanites, poor, blue collar, minorities, less educated, liberals
Rebublican supporters
upper class, better educated, corporations, suburbanites, Christian right, conservatives
Party Organization/Machine
1) precinct organizations/captains
2) county executive committees/county party chairpersons
3) state executive committees/state party chairpersons

(all volunteer and unpaid)
Civil unions
station where couples can enter into legal unofficial marriage in order to gain benefits from the govt
pro arguments of gay marriage
equal rights

marriage benefits
anti gay marriage arguments
destroys traditional marriage
morally wrong
marriage is male/female
passed by congress, state A does not have to recognize a legal marriage in state B
Lawrence vs Texas
any state with laws against homosexual activities have to be abolished