Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are block grants?
Federal grants-in-aid that permit state and local officials to decide how the money will be spent within a general area, such as education or health.
What are categorical grants?
Federal grants-in- aid to states and localities that can be used only for designated projects.
What is the commerce clause?
The clause of the constitution (article 1, section 8) that empowers the federal government to regulate commerce among the states and with other nations.
What is confederacy?
A governmental system in which sovereignty is vested entirely in subnational (state) governments.
What is cooperative federalism?
The situation in which the national, stae, and local levels work together to solve problems.
What is devolution?
The passing down of authority from the national government to states and localities.
What is dual federalism?
A doctrine based on the idea that a precise separtion of national power and state power is both possible and desirable
What are enumerated (expressed) powers?
The seventeen powers granted to the national government under article 1, section 8 of the constitution.
What is federalism?
A governmental system in which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of government: national and regional.
What is fiscal federalism?
A term that refers tothe expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through states and localities.
Wat are grant-in-aid?
Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer.
What are implied powers?
The federal government's constitutional sutority (through the "necessary and proper" clause) to take action that is not expressly authorized by the constitution but that supports actions that are so authorized.
What is the "necessary and proper" clause (elastic clause)?
The authority granted congress to article 1, section 8 of the constitution "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for the implementation of its enumerated powers.
What are reserved powers?
The powers gratned to the states under the tenth amendment to the constitution.
What is sovereignty?
The ultimate authority to govern with a certain geographical area.
What is the supremacy clause/
Article 6 of the constitution, which makes national law supreme over state law when the national govenment is acting within its constitutional limits.
What is a unitary system?
A governmental system in which the national government alone has sovereign (ultimate) authority.