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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is political culture?
The characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people.
What is liberty?
The principle that individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, provided they do not infringe unreasonably on the rights and freedoms of others.
What is equality?
The notion that all individuals are equal in their moral worth, in their treatment under the law, and in their political voice.
What is self-government?
The principle that the people are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority - a government based on majority rule.
What is individualism?
The idea that people should take the initiative, be self-sufficient, and accumulate the material advantages necessary for their well-being.
What is unity?
The principles that AMericans are one people and form an indivisible union.
What is diversity?
The principle that individual and group differences ahouls be respected and are a source of national strength.
What is politics?
The process through which society makes its giverning decisions.
What is a social contract?
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a government, which is then obligated to act within the confines f that agreement.
What is a democracy?
A form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected represetatives.
What is an oligarchy?
A form of government in which control rests with a few persons.
What is autocracy?
A form of government in which absolute control rests with a single person.
What is constitutionalism?
The idea that there are definable limits on the rightful power of a government over its citizens.
What is socialism?
An economic system it which goernment owns and controls many of the major indistries.
What is communism?
An economic system in which government owns most or all major indistries and also takes responsibility for overall management of the economy.
What is capitalism?
An economic system based on the idea that government should interfere wth economic transactions as little as possible.
What is power?
The ability of persons or institutions to control policy.
What is public policy?
A decision of government to pursue a course of action designed to produce an intended outcome.
What are totalitarian governments?
A form of government in which the leaders claim complete dominance of all individuals and institutions.
What are authoritarian governments?
A form of government in which leaders, though they admit to no limits on their powers, are effectively limited by other centers of power in the society.
What is authority?
The recognized right of an individual or institution to exercise power.
What is majoritarianism?
The idea that the majority prevails not only in elections but also in determining policy.
What is pluralism?
A theory of american politics that holds that society's interests are substantialy represented through the activities of groups.
What is elitism?
The view that the United States essentially is run by a tiny elite (composed of wealthy or well-connected individuals) who control public policy through both direct and indirect means.
What is bureaucratic rule?
The tendency of large-scale organizations to develop into the bureaucratic form, with the effect that administrators make key policy decisions.
What is political system?
The various componenets of american government.