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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Upper Chamber House

2 per state
Lower Chamber House
House of Representatives

based on population
Views on representation:

Say what the people they represent think, not what they think themselves.

Problems: People might have different opinions/expressed concerns. Whose do they follow?

It's hard to know the people's wishes.
Viwes on representation:

They follow their own concious. They think, "Trust me."
Requirements to be a member of the House
U.S. citizen for 7 years

Live in the state you will represent

25 years old

2 year term
Requirements to be a member of the Senate
U.S. citizen for 9 years

Live in the state you will represent

30 years old

6 year term
Typical member of Congress
White - 85%
Male - 85%
Lawyers - 33%
Jobs that are not very well represeted in Congress
Clerical employees
Top priority of a Congress member
Being re-elected
Incumbency Factor
-The person who currently holds the position in office
Advantages of being the incumbant
Constituent Services
The Frank
Financial Contributions

They already have a staff ready to help promote them

Can deliver things that produce jobs

Bring money to district
Franking privelages
Send out free mail
Disadvantages of being the incumbant
Some people may not like some things you've done in the past, so they definately won't vote for you.

Personal misconduct/scandals (ex: Bill & Monica)

Powers of Congress: Article 1
Enumerated Powers
Implied Powers
Prohibited Powers
Shift in Role: The INITIATOR of ideas
Dominant Branch in 1790
Shift in Role: The DELIBERATOR
Not Dominant in 200
House Leaders
Speaker of the House
Majority leader
Minority leader
Speaker of the house
Member of the majority party of the house

-Gives members power to recognize congresss
-Decides who gets to talk and when
--Assigns members of the house to conference committees
-Has power to choose the chair of every committee of the house
-Has power to determine the rules committee
-Assigns bills to committees
Senate Leaders
President (V.P.)
Majority Leader **
Minority Leader
Johnson Network
Senators with whom Johnson had connections- tried to advance his power
-getting bills passed if he wants them passed.
Johnson Treatment
The way he talked to people to get them on his side about things and to influence people to vote the way he wants you to.

You don't get to talk. He answered all your questions before you could ask them.

What he says pertains to the bill, but it's very effective.

Works WELL with one person or small groups.

Does NOT work well with the press, reporters, or on t.v.
Types of Committees
Standing ***
Conference ***
Key House Committees
Ways & Means- deals with taxes


Appropriations- Spending money- how?
Key Senate Committees
Foreign Relations- 2nd after president to know (ex: war)


Finnace- budget
Majority Party rules
If the Senate or House is 60%:40%, every committee will be too.
Committee Chairs
1. Powers: formal or informal
2. Democratic Reforms of 1970s
3. Shift in Power: Republican Reforms of 1990s