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26 Cards in this Set

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Political Power
a body that has the authority to make and the power to enforce laws within a civil, corporate, religious or academic or other organization or group.
Government
legitimacy by coming to power through fair elections. the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit.
Nation-state
where the state's physical boundaries are the same as ethnic borders.
Welfare State
Does not own alot of industry. still gives socialistic benefits by taxes.
Foreign Policy
set of political goals. seeks to outline how that country is going to interact with other countries.
Sanctions
actions taken by state to influence behavior of another state. trade embargos like cuba etc.
Civil Disobedience
non-voilent breaking of a law that someone view as unjust or moral. rosa parks, mlk etc.
Elections Monitors
when U.N comes into a country and make sure that elections are fair. also monitor campains
Cult of Personality
when leader use the media to indoctriante the population with the official ideology. propoganda etc.
Multi-Party Systems
Each party competes for votes from amongst the enfranchised. general constituency is encouraged. Essential in representative democracies.
Parliamentary System
System of government where the executive branch is dependent on the direct or indirect support of Parliament.
International Law
laws that govern the interactions and relations between nations, resulting from officials rules, treaties, agreements and customs. regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality
Fascism
lends itself to authoritarian type of govt. Nationalistic towards the state. between ages and races.
Modern Liberalism
Argues for extensive government regulation and partial intervention in the economy, though much less than what is advocated by social democrats.society has no right to moralize its citizens, gurantee equal opp. 4 ererybody.
Communism
perfect classless society where everyone is equal.
Historical Realism
focus on human nature, power maximizing, survival. that gives state own view of international system.
General Assembly
192 states. most democratic organ of the U.N. Not legally binding.
Security Council
5 permanent member total of 15. legally binding decisions. Most powerful organ in the U.N.
Int’l Court of Justice: ICJ
main judicial organ of the U.N. prosecute international war crimes.
Peacekeeping Mission
18 Peacekeeping Missions (Africa, Caribbean, Middle East, Europe, Asia)peacekeeping personnel hail from 112 nations
genocide in the Sudan and what the international community has done to improve upon the situation.
The government of Sudan hires Janjaweed to kill off nomadic arab sudanes because of land and religion. Darfur Peace and Accountability Act samctopm against those dealing with dar fur. recently. 2.5 mil displaced. Sudan rejected U.N troops. continues to deteriorate. Annan calls for U.N to act.
Define civic-territorial and ethnic-genealogical nation. Give three characteristics that must be present for each type of nation to exist, as well as an example.
Civic-Territorial: citizenship in a state regardless of that state’s ethnic composition.
United States.share a common territory!,religion, run by some form of gvt. and economical sense
Ethnic-Genealogical: a shared kinship, language, territory and ancestry. must share blood lineage, heritage and ancestrial territory. etc. The Sikhs in India.
Political science is an ‘interdisciplinary study.’ Choose at least two other social sciences that political science borrows from, and explain how the studies are related.
Geography-by looking at how human beings behave territorially.borders, ethnic areas, trade flows. etc.U.S border with mexico.National Guard to patrol border.
Economics - economics is a basis for democracy, few poor countries are democratic. declining economy may preced economic destruction. Decision to adopt the euro was a political choice. decisions on trade agreements are political.
Describe at least three of the six basic characteristics that are common to all totalitarian states.
1.Single Party: only one party legally exists(cult of personality with enormous power), 2.Organized Terror: the regime employs a secret police, which uses both physical and psychological methods to control citizens, 3.Monopoly of Weapons: only the government and its forces can use weapons.
Provide at least three reasons as to why political parties exist, and explain.
(1)Introduce the people to candidates and elected officials.-Teach members how to speak in public, conduct meetings, compromise.Creates political competence(2)Mobilize voters - Campaigning (party advertising) creates interest and boosts voter turnout. Push forth the issues that people care about(3)Orgznize GVT. The party with a majority in the House of Representatives and Senate appoint leaders and chairpersons. The new President appoints qualified individuals to government departments and agencies.
What is a United Nations’ Peacekeeping Mission, and what does it seek to accomplish? Please provide at least one example.
Providing security and promoting peace
Assisting in political processes Reforming justice systems Training police forces Disarming former combatants.