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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Noble Cause
A profound moral commitment to make the world a safer place to live.
Noble-cause corruption
When an officer breaks the law in order to achieve a good end.
Means-ends dilemma
Occurs when officers encounter situations in which good ends cannot be achieved by legal means.
Act utilitarianism
person looks at the consequences of any action and weighs the units of utility accordingly.
Rule utilitarianism
person judges their actions by the precedents of rules they set for the long term.
August Vollmer
(1920) Police Officers should view their job as a moral commitment and not just a job. Spread the gospel of professionalism.
Boomerang effect
efforts to change behavior of police that increase the resistance of line officers making change more difficult.
Broken windows perspective
Progressive relationship between public disorder and public fear of crime. Police should intercede before citizens become fearful of crime.
A loss of commitment to the ideals of police work.
Central ethical dilemma
Two fold dilemma. Administration tries to control behavior of officers, they resist or administration tries to control behavior by hiring morally righteous officers, their morality will undermine administrative efforts.
Reactive Funtion
Police respond to citizen calls for service.
Proactive Function
Police act before laws have been broken.
Coactive Function
Police work with citizens in order to build community “self-defense”.
Cognitive Dissonance
Psychological state of discomfort that occurs when a person has to contend with two or more cognitions that conflict with each other.
Ends-oriented dilemma
A person, committed to achieving a good, can never know ahead of time that their behavior will produce the end that they seek.
Intentional tort
Civil action based on an officer’s disregard for a person’s rights.
Neighborhoods and associations agree with the way you do your job.
Negligent tort
Civil action based on an officer’s failure to protect the public from harm.
Mama Rosa’s test
Loyalty test of rookie to go along with other officers when violating departmental policy. Issue with free meal and later back each other in court.
Pascal’s wager
Does not want to take the chance and lose a job // idea that it is impossible to know the existence of God, however a wise man will not take a chance and live a sinful life
Slippery-slope model of economic corruption
Theory that the first illegal acts by an officer are minor and easy to justify, the more serious acts are then easier to justify.
Slippery-slope model of noble-cause corruption
Stages of noble-cause corruption an officer goes through making the serious violations easier to commit.
End / goal oriented. Based in idea that desired end will determine a person’s behavior.
(We want) Means oriented. Based in idea that ethics resides in appropriate behavior regardless of the consequences.
The magic pencil
police officer writes a report to criminalize a suspect.
Milton Rokeach
(1971) Wrote paper on value survey showing values do not change.
Van Maanen
wrote “the asshole” which was about citizens who challenged police efforts. Observed the most important influence on a recruit was the Field Training Officer.
any condition that has adverse consequences for an individual’s well-being.
Value based decision making
The values carried by officers determine their decisions when intervening in the lives of citizens.
Means-ends continuum
Means-Oriented Ends-oriented
Deontological Value Balance Teleological
Due Process Crime Control
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
- Conflicts that occur when officers encounter situations in which good ends cannot be achieved by legal means. The idea of conflict that officers must choose between striving for those “good” ends at the expense of legal means, or act legally even if they cannot achieve those “good “ ends.