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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is "public opinion"
a mixture of beliefs, Perceptions, and attitudes
what are the forms of public opinion
It can be stable or volatile
It can be positive or negative
where does political ideaology fit in
classic definition: oraganized system of beliefs
what is a primary sources-where our first ideas come from
family and schools
what is a secondary sources-- reinforce or contradict what we know
religion
region/place of residence
race/ethnicity
gender
age
occupation
events
media
what was some events that reinforce or contradict what we know
our grandparents-- the great depression/world war 2

our parents-- viet nom/watergate/assassintions
public opinion poll 20th century
market research
evaluating government programs
campaign polling
media polling
what are parts of direct democracy
polling emphasizes "majoritarian" democracy

minority rights, depend on "pluralist" democracy
what four things does the accuracy of the polls depend on
.sampling--representativeness and size
.item construction--p.o. polling creating p.o.
.interview method--how "self-selected" is the pool?
.respondent's response--do they lie?
when all of the polls are add together what are they called
the "margin of error"
What are polls used for
campaigning
what year did ten % of adults can voted
1789
when was the first presidential "election"
1824
what happen in 1848
universal, white male suffrage
what year was the voting rights for non-whites put into constitutions (15th amend.)
1870
when was the first direct election of Senators (17th amend.)
1913
what year were woman able to vote (19th amend)
1920
what was the Voting Rights Act of 1965
It granted voting rights for non-whites
the 26th amend granted voting rights for people 18 years-old in what year
1971
what are the three national government
president and vice-president
u.s. senators
members of u.s. house of representatives
what are the state and local government
dozens of offices
what is the Impact of Progressive Movement
National Level- Primary Elections
State Level- initiative, referendum, recall
The help of Direct Democracy
what % of the voting is the Presidential Elections
50%
what % of the voting is off year, cong. elections
40%
What % of the voting is local elections
8-10%
what type of people vote more
older educated rich people with strong party ID
what are some of the factors that influence voters choices
Party ID
Candidate Image
Issues
what is split ticket voting
primarily due to candidate image
occur in high-visibility races
what are the positive and negatative of apathy
neg. cynicism
pos. government is a service provider
what is the role of the parties
mobilize power
what are the election laws
registration reguirements
number of elections; length of ballot
what is the role of the parties
mobilize power
what are channels of participation
interest groups
what are the three types of participation
conventional
unconventional
Americans
what is self-governing enterprise
indepentent news organization or semi-autonomous new organization
what are the three mature media industry
networks
magazines
newpapers
what are the different types of wire services
Domestic
International
who was printing owned by
large media corporations
who owned tv/radio
large entertainment conglomerates
what are the four different types of style
new
opinion
emphasis
events
what are some show that 18-35 year old people watch for news? (demographics)
cnn headline news
letterman vs. koppel
the daily show w/ john stewart
what are some show that 35-55 watch
fox or msnbc
what is event journalism
watergate (1972-73)
iran hostage crisis (1979-80)
gulf war (1990-91)
o.j. trial (1994-95)
the bill clinton sagas (1992-2001)
how is the news covering the president
wash. post
white house 24 news channel
how does president bush treat the press
like another interest group
how does the press cover the courts
appointments
major decisions
tv
what are economic interest groups
farmer business
labor
professionals
what are public interest groups
public education
environment
good government
food and drugs
social issues
What are the four step interest groups use to make their case
build an agenda
educate
represent their viewa
monitor results
what are some resources and tactics interest groups use
information
public pressure
litigate
money
what are direct action
minority action
gun ownership advocates
tree-lovers
half-way house
what is madison's federalist no.10
factions are adverse to the public interest, but they will help prevent tyranny
what are the basic concepts of all interest groups
freedom,order,and equality
name three ideological movements
uber
1960-radical left
1990-far right
what organize the network of ideological movements
cadres
media outlets
think tanks
the popular front
what are the three types of political party
party in gov
party as campaign organization
party in th electorate
what are two party system that began in 1860
1860- republicans vs democrats
what is the year 1968 called
The Era of divided government
what is the most important ingredient to campaigns
the candidate
what are the two kinds of media
free and paid
what are the two step of elections
getting your party nominated and winning office
what is the % win re-election in senate
80-90%