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33 Cards in this Set

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Describe and discuss the Boer war. Did it have long term effects on the development of South Africa?
-Gold and diamonds discovered in the cape and Transvaal.
-English people poured in to take over
-They were destroying the S.A. ways
-British were plotting to take over mineral wealth using uitlander rights.
-British provoked SA into war
-British put SA in concentration camps and disease broke out killing 26,000 people.
-SA's surrendered but British felt guilty so they didnt follow up on victory
-British gave SA full political rights and over time SA took over completely
What was the purpose of the truth and reconciliation commission in SA? how did it work and how successful was it?
Goal: uncover the truth of what happened during the apartheid. they would offer political amnesty and victims would receive something to recover

Results: Not much truth and little reconciliation
-Nationals argued that they were opening old wounds and they needed to let it go
what explains the failure of the apartheid and the unexpected success of the democratic transition.
Nationalist leaders coming to realize that the longer they delayed the worse the revolution would be.

The black population grew bigger and angrier every year.

1990 F.W. de Klerk was elected and he stoped the white rule. Also freed Nelson Mandela
Discus AIDS in SA. Long term effects and causes
Causes: Apartheid put many men away from their family, they were lonely, turned to prostitution.

-Women are not high enough to say no to unsafe sex.

-poverty and poor education--> made bad decisions

Costs: GMP shrinks 1% every year

- businesses lose workers bc they are sick.

- life expectancy goes from 60 to 40 by 2015
in what ways did the SA's legislate apartheid?
They made their own schools and took over SA politically. New constitution that gave SA's political, social and civil rights. mostly to children (social)
Describe 2 reforms and the new doctrine began by Gorbachev in the late 1980's. How successful were they and did they have long term effects?
Perestrokia: Minimize state intervention

Glastnost: Media openness.

Sinatra Doctrine: Find socialism their own way

All 3 were directly responsible for the fall of the Soviet Empire.
What is the commonwealth of Independent states? what are the reasons why this attempt of creating commonality has been successful?
some says its a pretend organization, trade bloc, but most see it as Moscow plan to regain control of the other republics.

Dont know what their powers are

8/12 members of the CIS are landlocked and need Russia for access to the outside world.

industrially they are all tied to Russian economy for manufactured goods and energy
Chechnya vs. N. Ireland
Similarities: Both resulted in imperialism, both have terrorist organizations, both are nationalists organizations

Differences:
Chechnya relied on terrorism NI didnt.
Chechnya fears encirclement, NI doesnt
NI wants achieving power/sharing, Chechnya doesnt
What are the two main theories regarding electoral politcs discussed in lecture and what are the main ideas and assumptions behind them? Which one appeals to you more and why?What are the two main theories regarding electoral politcs discussed in lecture and what are the main ideas and assumptions behind them? Which one appeals to you more and why?What are the two main theories regarding electoral politcs discussed in lecture and what are the main ideas and assumptions behind them? Which one appeals to you more and why?
Liberalism- Controls officials in office

populism- Will of the people, diversity
Briefly discuss the factors leading to why we adopt certain electoral systems and the factors that affect actor's (the people who are choosing the electoral system) decisions
Knowledge and info- If the systems lack this then they suck
Representativeness – need a clear majority and strong opposition
Congratualations! You have just been named head of the new Iraqi interim government You have decided to implement a majoritarian/plurality system over a PR system. What are the three expected effects of your selection?
Hard for small parties to make it because they can not get the votes
-Very strong/clear majorities
-Converse to the center party
Explain the rationale for adopting a PR system (in effect what you are trying to do). In doing so, define what a threshold is and why we care about them in PR systems (essentially what are the effects of different thresholds.)
If 40% of the votes go to a party then they get 40% of the seats. The districts that have more candidates are more likely to win. Effects- Elections are less decisive, less stable gov, political parties are ideologically more distinct.
You are a poor French peasant about to storm the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Discuss some of the key factors that led to the French Revolution and you finding yourself with a pitchfork in hand shouting epithets at the King.
Economics- Helping out US, spent a lot of money
New ideas and thinkers-Voltair: Reason, thinking for yourself. Montesque: Citezens choose own type of gv, NOT KING
. France's political system has been referred to as a semi-presidential system. What does that mean and how does it compare to the political systems of the UK. How about the United States?
Semi Presidential- president and premier working together. President has to get an absolute majority. Premier chooses cabinet.
What is cohabitation? How does it work and why does it happen? Given what you know about this French phenomenon, what would you say are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
Cohabitation- When one person gets the good end and the other gets the bad end.
What is statism? How do we see its effects in French political development?
Statism- idea that strong gov should run things, especially big industries. It stunted the political development.
What is the Meiji restoration? What did the modernizers want to happen in Japan and how did they effect that change?
A rapid modernization of Japan.

The modernizers wanted to save Japan and beat the west at its own game.
in 1994 the Japanese Government passed an electoral reform package designed to end the role of money in politics and change the one party system. Summarize
- Reduce money in politics
-move towards a 2 party state

Effect: Single member districts
-limits money on campaigns
- gave $300 mil to new parties

Results: Stronger LDP, weakened the smaller parties
What are zaibatsus? what was there role in the development of the Japanese political economy?What happened to them after WWII?
They are industrial conglomerates headed by samuri clans. Formed during time

After war > broke up but as cold war approached McArthur left room for new group called Keiretsu.
What are iron triangles? Do you think they exist everywhere? Why so difficult to break in Japan?
They are the relationship between the bureaucrats, politicians, and business people. they do financial favors for each other.

Difficult to break because they result in economic downturn
What are koenkai in Japanese politics? How do they work and what are they designed to do?
They are the organizations that get the right number of votes for candidates or parties.

They do not want to get too many, dont want to show that someone is TOO popular or might be overthrown by opposite party.

They are responsible for organizations finances.

*MONEY DRIVES POLITICS*
Define Industrial policy. 2 example of what it is NOT
The governments development, guidance, and nurturing of industry in pursuit of national goals.

Risks > no one can predict how the market will act, doesnt encourage investments

NOT: State intervention in key industries

NOT: a question of whether or not the state can intervene in the economy
What is the British Disease? What is the Thatcher cure?
British disease is the attitudes of the citizens and the physical world.
> The psycho-culture people are the British with the non work attitudes. Class made it worse, the upper were snobs to the middle workers.
> Fix by changing British attitudes

politico-economic: Bad attitudes reflect faulty gov. policy.
>FIX: change policy to make attitudes better.

(the 2 feed off each other)

Thatchers cure: Cut bureaucracy, the growth of welfare, and subsidies in industry in an effort to control Britain's money supply and restore economies health.
What are the differences between a state and nations?
State: population, territory that is recognized, government

Nation: having name "american nation", myth of common ancestry, some measure of solidarity
Why do Americans see Tony Blair as a powerful person?
Brought shaky peace to Northern Ireland, developed some powers for Scotland and whales, reformed the house of Lords, gave Britain equal Bill of Rights as the U.S's
What are Guest Workers in germany?
they are recruited from other states from to work.
how do germans attempt to deal with the "moral vacuum"? were there any consequences?
Denatzification.
Explain the german electoral system.
uses both proportional (% of votes= %of seats) and plurality (reps from districts)
What are the weaknesses of the Weimer republic? How did they help propel Hitler?
*Weak Because: no experience w/ a republic, lacked legitimacy, humiliated and economically hobbled.

*Depression. The more unemployment the bigger the Nazi party grew
How is the power between the Bundestag and the Bundesrat?
Stag- middle powerwise
Rat- Powerful in domestic issues
What is federalism? what factors led the decision of this?
Separating of powers.

They didnt want the power to be in one spot in fear of another hitler.
Similarities and differences between Tony Blair and Gerhard Schroder
SIMILARITIES: led their parties back to power, vague about where they stood.

DIFFERENCES: Blair wanted policies changes, Schroder didnt
-Blair brought up middle class, Schroder poor
WHY move capital?
What are the arguments on the debate of moving the German capital?
Too many people in Bohn, crowded

FOR: Unfair to punish Berlin for what Hitler did, Economic incentive

AGAINST: Cost $70 bil.
small city, it would go back to centralizing