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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why do we have parties?
Incentives for party organization
Nature of Parties
Central Organizing instrument of government
Healthy and Competitive Organizations
Definition of Political Party: Burke
a body of men united to promote some particular principle in which they are all agreed
Definition of Political Party: Downs
a team of men seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election
Parties and the Constitution
Constitution did not mention them. Considered to be a threat to good government and public order
First American Parties
Not meant to be permanent
What were they meant for?
to pass desired agenda and crush opposition
Incentives for Party Building
Majority Alliances (need)
To build stable legislative and electoral alliances
To mobilize voters
To develop new electoral techniques
Enfore collective responsibility
Party formation example
Parties help legislators solve the collective action problem and enforce collective responsibility
Three Party Systems: THe party in government
An alliance of current officeholders cooperating to shape public policy
Three party systems: THe Part organization
Dedicating to electing the party's candidate
Three party systems: The party in the electorate
Compre ose those voters who identidy with the party and regularly ote for its nominees
Basic Features of the two party system
Two party competition
Single winner is chosen by plurality vote
Decentralized, fragmented party coalitions
Professional representation
First Party System
1790-1824
Hamilton (fed) vs Jefferson (Democrats)
The era of good feelings- liked each other despite differences
Second Party System
1824-1860
basic organizational structures set
Emergence of Whigs
Nominating Conventions
Emergence of party loyalty
Spoils system: reward with jobs to those who helped u along the way to get elected
Lead to corruption of today
Third Party System
1860-1894
Republican Party (anti slavery)
Split between Dem and Rep after Recon.
Party machines
Progressive era- australian ballots
Reward for party service shrank
FOurth Party System 1932-?
FDR and new deal coalition
Republicans (uper class, protestant, midwest)
Democrat coalition deal ceased with decline of new deal
Dem: Civil Rights
Rep: States' Rights
Primaries
COnsequences of fractured alignments
1970's and on
Party line voting declined
ticket splitting increased
Volatile electorate
6th party system
partisanship revived somewhat
ticketsplitting returned to 1960's levels
voters less neutral
Party Differences: Republican
smaller, cheaper fed gov't
lower taxes
less regulation of business
lower spending on social welfare
generous only to defense
ban abortion and gay marriage
official prayer in schools
Party Differences: Democrat
regulate business
support programs improve domestic welfare
less on defense
fairness and equality
legal abortion
no prayer