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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
public bills
measures that apply to the nation as a whole.
amendment
a change in, or addition to, a constitution of a law.
pocket veto
Type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned; it is applied when the chief executive does not formally sign or reject a bill with the time period allowed to do so.
apportionment
Distribution of seats in a legislative body among electoral districts.
standing committee
permanent committee in a legislative body to which bills in a specified subject matter area are referred.
majority party
a dominant party in a governmental system. i.e. republicans vs democrats.
minority party
one of the less widely supported political parties in a governmental system.
naturalization
legal process by which a person born a citizen of one country becomes a citizen of another.
veto
Chief executive’s power to reject a bill passed by a legislature.
private bills
measures that apply to certain persons or places only.
term
specified length of time served by elected officials in their elected offices.
session
regular period of time during which a legislative body conducts business.
bill
A proposal presented to a legislative body for possible enactment as a law.
quorum
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business.
vice president
person who replaces the president in case of emergency. Is the president of the senate and helps decide whether the president can't perform.
concurring opinion
written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support a decision reached by a majority of the court but disagree with the the grounds for that decision.
dissenting opinion
written explanation of the views of one or more judges who disagree with a decision reached by a majority of the court.
opinions
written explanation of the decision of the supreme court.
Brown v. Board of Education
struck down segregation in four states such as kansas in 1954.
judicial review
power of the cours to determine the constitutionality of the actions of the legislative and executive branches of government.
precedent
previous court decisions that influence the ruling of later and similar cases.