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21 Cards in this Set

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Shively
Power= the ability of one person to choose another to do what one wishes by whatever means
Thomas Hobbes
People are agressive, tolerant anti social
Aristotle
People are social and intersted in others
Social contract theorists
John Locke, Jean Jaques Rosseau
STATE of NATURE=STATE of WAR
Hobbes
People running around on their own stealing, threatening, killing
Manifest power
based on observable actions by A to get B to do what A wants
Implicit power
no observable words or actions to get B to do A's bidding
Radicals
Power has many dimensions
1.) Observable
2.)Decisions made about what is going to be discussed in politics (deciding what gets decided and when)
3.)Thought control (brainwashing, conditioning)
4.)Michel Foulcault- Power/Knowledge
IDEOLOGIES
- organized set of ideas that helps us make sense out of politics for ourselves and to present arguments affectively in public
Liberalism
highest goal of society is for individuals to develop their capacities to highest extent
Class
- group that shares relationship with ‘means of production’
Owner- (CAPITALISTS) ‘upper class’
Workers- (LABOR) live by selling labor upon the means of production for less that its value
Authority and Sovereignty
(the authority of a state to govern itself or another)
Authorities is a special kind of power based on a general agreement
1.)Person or group issue certain commands
2.)Those commands should be obeyed
Legitimacy and sources
collective feeling that the state has right to undertake actions that it has
Sources
1.)Legitimacy by results “train runs on time”
2.)Legitimacy by habit
3.)Association with others
4.)Procedures
5.)People (you)= supreme source of government authority
Characteristics of people in a democracy
1.)Tolerance
2.)Participation- vote and letters
3.)Sustain a high level of interest in politics
4.)Citizens are supportive of state they live under
Non- democracies (Autocracies)
1.)Military government
2.)One party state
3.)“Court” politics
Nation
group of people who are bound together and recognize a similarity among themselves because of a common culture or language
State
Political unit that has sovereign authority within its borders
Constitutions
rules by which power is distributed among members of a state
1.)Decide where power will be located EX: all power in central government
Unitary government-
one that keeps all power centrally
Federated government
- local authorities have monopoly on certain political decisions
CONSTITUTIONALISM
degree to which leaders adhere to rules that are written in the constitution