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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Presidential system
2. Parliamentary system

Election process
1.If no one wins majority of electoral college, then the House elects the President.
2.The Prime Minister is elected by the parliament
•Bicameral: Upper and lower responcibilities
Only one chamber or body makes a law. Scandinavian countries, France, Japan, etc
***Two chambers have to pass a bill before it can become law. US, UK, Russia, Pakistan, Germany, India, etc. Bicameral legislature is a must in federal type of states. charge of regions of the country charge of the people
Standing Committees
***Select Committees
Joint Committees
Permanent Committees consisting of the members of legislature that specialize in different areas of law-making such as Housing and Urban Development, Foreign Affairs, etc.

***Temporary committees that are created to investigate unique issues

Temporary committees that have members from both chambers of legislature that are constituted to speed up the flow of legislation through both houses.
'Government' or 'Administration' of a country is...
***Head of State:
***Head of Government
refers to the Executive branch of the state. It consists of the Chief Executive and his or her ministers or secretaries who are responsible for the various departments or agencies of the State

***Symbolically represents the entire country. It is mainly a ceremonial position with little substantive or real power.

***directs the day to day affairs of running the state. Has real power in modern states…head manager for example

In Presidential...they are both performed by one person (President)

In Parmiment, it is 2 (Prime Minister and President)
What executives must do to be successful leaders
-Have good relations with the legislature
-Select good ministers and secretaries who help them
-Maintain good relations with their political party
-Keep a good control over the vast administrative system
-Ensure a good prospect of winning in the next elections
-Keep major pressure groups happy
Function of the Courts
*Interpret the constitution and Judicial review
*Settling Disputes between individuals of a state
*Support of the current Political System
*Protect the rights of citizens
1.Anglo-Saxon or English Common Law
2.Napoleonic Code
1.Judge is supposed to be an umpire in the conduct of the case
2.The jury decides guilt or innocence

practiced in criminal cases and civil cases

1.Judge decides whether laws have been violated by the accused or not. Judge also has investigative powers
**Similar is Socialist Law
1.Normative or Natural Law
2.Positive Law
1.Laws that are supposed to have been made by extra-terrestrial forces or assumed to have been given by Nature to Man
2.Laws that are made by human beings whether by a king, dictatorship, or democracy. Positive law consists of two broad categories:
Public:non-compensatory, jailtime for instance(civil law)
1.Equity Law:
3.Habeas Corpus:
4.Writ of Certiorari:
5.Quo warrento:
1.Prevention of wrong doing
2.stop the course of events from moving on
3.order to produce an accused before the court
4. order by appellate court to overturn the records of trial in a subordinate court based on the fact of unfair trial
5.By what authority has an action been taken usually by a government official.
types of courts
1.Trial courts:
2.Appellate courts:
3.High court or Supreme Court:
4.Constitutional court:
5.Administrative Courts: courts within some government departments and independent regulatory agencies
1.The court which hears the arguments and evidence of the defense and prosecution and makes a decision on guilt/innocence and punishment.
2.investigate if the trial court followed all prescribed procedures in conducting the trial
3.Reviews a case on appeal. Its judgement is final.
4.Some countries have a separate constitutional court which only hears cases pertaining to constitutional matters
5. courts within some government departments and independent regulatory agencies
1.Interest Aggregation
2.Linking People to Government
3.Political Mobilization
4.Party Platforms or Manifestos
5.Party's recruit and train political leaders
1. Unify diverse sections or interests in a country by emphasizing their common interests…(Example: could be a women’s group, or a minority group (protection given))
2.When in power, they provide a link between the government and people through their membership, activities, and the mass media
3. By focusing on issues, agitating, organizing, fund-raising
4.menus of choices for public policy the leaders of tomorrow