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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the role of the goverment
1 ) Maintain order
2) Protect Liberty
3) Promote eqaulity
What are some of the Delimmas that the goverment faces in doing its job?
1) Freedom vs order
2) Freedom vs Equality
What is Goverment American style?
1) democracy
2) Republican Goverment (representative goverment)
3) Majority rules, minority rights.
What is the Majoritarian model of Democracy?
1 values participation of the individual citizen.

2 majority rules

3 Candidate elections

4 Public opinion polls
what is the pluralist model of democracy?
1 Values participation thru groups
2 no one group controls
3 Baised agianst the poor?
4 based on madison federalist No.10
what is the balancing act
majority rule
minority rights
the social contract
what are the model of democracy
what are the three parts of phase one(building government)
1)by 1630's Virginia House of Burgesses
General court of Massachusetts
2)by 1760's written constitutions, bill of rights, legislative assemblies, social theory
3)era of "salutary neglect," Edmund Burke, MP
phase 2 (tensions build)
treaty of Paris 1763- reform of the British Empire--control of trade and commerce
The Imperial Debate
It is inseparably essential to the freedom of a people...that no taxes should be imposed on them, but with their own consent, given personally or by representatives.
what are the three types of government
what are the functional characteristics of federalism
both national and state governments- soverign
shifting balance of power
endless source of conflict
what is dual federalism ("layer cake" Model)
states rights
tenth amendments
enumerated powers of conflict
what is cooperative federalism ("marble cake" model)
national supremacy clause
elastic clause/implied powers (Art. 1, Sec.8)
supreme court's power of judicial review
what is the trend toward national power
politics more important than theory
always a struggle over real issues
all three branches have been involved
who is chief justice Roger Taney (1836-1864)
dual federalism
emphasizes authority of state re slavery
calhoun expands to "nullification doctrine"
what was the war between the states(1860's)
national supremacy
what happen in the industrial revolution and beyond (1870-1930's)
supreme court emphasizes "economic freedom" --against the states and national government
minority rights --sides with the states
what happen in the new deal and beyond (1933-1970's)
president/congress expand role of national gov.
cooperative fed.
1937 supreme court backs away
impact of cold war and national security
what was new federlism (1970's to present)
dual federalism modern dress
give back power to the states, but with national and fed. guidelines
what did the supreme court do (1970's to present)
they joined in, restricting congress authority, and emphasizing the tenth amendment
what is civil liberties (protecting liberties)
the original dilemma, which Locke inherent characteristics of persons
the balancing act in the social contract
what is civil rights (promoting equality)
the modern dilemma, which issue- different treatment
why do we have civil liberties
rejection of "legislative omnipotence"
a limitation on majority rule
where do we find civil liberties
the bill of rights
decisions of the supreme court
what are three categories of civil liberties
First amendment rights
rights of the accused
a few others