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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
denotation
the actual meaning of a word (i.e. dictionary definition)
connotation
all associated meanings of a word
(e.g. frugal and cheap have similar denotations but different connotations)
sonority
describes the sound of a word
diction
choice of words
cacophony
harsh-sounding words
euphony
pleasant-sounding words
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of successive words
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in successive words
consonance
the repetition of consonants sounds in successive words that are NOT at the beginning of the words (see alliteration)
rhyme
a correspondence in ending sounds of words
slant rhyme
a near rhyme; two words with sounds that almost rhyme but aren't completely corresponding (e.g. heart & guard)
sight rhyme
two words that are written as if they should rhyme but actually have different sounds (e.g. height & weight)
onomatopoeia
a word that's an imitation of the sound associated with it (i.e. buzz or hiss)
syllable
a unit of spoken language the divides a word based on sound units
line
a part of the poem that is expressed in a single space without a break
stanza
a division of the poem that consists of series of lines arranged together
couplet
a two-line stanza
tercet
a three-line stanza
quatrain
a four-line stanza
sestet
a six-line stanza
octave
an eight-line stanza
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyming lines usually described by a series of lower case letters
rhythm
"an ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speech"
All poetry has this even when it doesn't have a specific meter.
stress
"a syllable having relative force or prominence"
pause
a temporary stop in a line
caesura
a pause in the middle of poetry lines
end-stopped line
a line of poetry that is complete at the end of the line
enjambment
also known as a "run-on line"
a thought that continues on to the next line of poetry
meter
name for the length of a counted line
tetrameter
a line with four feet
pentameter
a line with five feet
hexameter
a line with six feet
iamb
unstressed, stressed
( ˘ ' )
trochee
stressed, unstressed
( ' ˘ )
anapest
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
( ˘ ˘ ' )
dactyl
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
( ' ˘ ˘ )
accent
represents a stressed syllable
( ' )
breve
represents an unstressed syllable
( ˘ )
blank verse
poetry with unrhymed lines (iambic pentameter is common)
free verse
poetry in which lines are of different widths and there is not a regular rhyme scheme
closed form
poetry with an established pattern of meter, rhyme, etc. (e.g. sonnet, haiku, villanelle)
open form
form of poetry without an specific established pattern
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
symbolism
the use of representations to convey meaning
analogy
comparison of A and B
anaphora
repetition of opening word
anticlimax
words arranged in an order that is strikingly less dramatic or important than expected
(e.g. in silk, in crepes, in Garters, and in rags)
antithesis
opposition of A and B
apposition
list of different formulations of the same thing
catalogue
a list of words in no particular order
chiasmus
an X-like arrangement of words
metaphor
comparison without "like" or "as"
metonymy
substitution of the name of an attribute or a thing for the thing itself
paradox
union of dissimilar qualities
parallelism
repeated syntactical similarities introduced for rhetorical effect
periphrasis
circumlocution
talking around the idea
beating around the bush
personification
an abstraction made into a person
pun
a play on two meanings of one word
quotation
to repeat the exact words found somewhere else ( " " )
simile
comparison with "like" or "as"
synecdoche
substitution of a part for the whole
a specific kind of metonymy
zeugma
two dissimilar objects of the same verb
(e.g. he took his hat and his leave)
point of view
a position or perspective from which something is considered or evaluated
first-person
point of view that comes directly from the speaker or writer (not a third-person narrator)
third-person omniscient
the point of view of a narrator who knows the thoughts and actions of all characters
third-person limited
the point of view of a narrator who knows the thoughts and actions of only a select group of characters
characterization
the process of describing a particular character
expository characterization
the author tells you what the character is like
dramatic characterization
the author shows you what the character is like through the character’s words and actions
flat character
simple character
round character
complex, developed character
static character
unchanging character
developing character
character that evolves and changes during the narrative
protagonist
the principal character in a literary work
the hero
antagonist
the character who contends with or opposes the protagonist
the villain
plot
the events of the narrative
exposition
beginning of the plot
conflict
the central, driving problem of the narrative
climax
the part where the conflict reaches its greatest intensity
dénouement
falling action
the resolution and end of the narrative
diagetic order
chronological order of the narrative's events
narrative order
the order in which the events are told to us
analepse
flashback
prolepse
foretelling future events
ellipsis
something left out
(e.g. Miss Brill's reaction to the young couple's comments)
descriptive pause
a pause in the narrative occasioned by a description
(i.e. the speaker stops to explain or describe something in detail)
direct discourse
someone's words are quoted directly
indirect discourse
someone's words are reported or paraphrased
frame narrative
a narrative within which another narrative is told
a story within a story
setting
the time and place in which a narrative takes place
textual rhythm
"an ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speech" found in prose
can be fast or slow
atmosphere
the surrounding influence or environment
tone
style or manner of expression
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
description
an act of describing (often intended to give a mental image)