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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Foot
unit of measure
Meter
Metrical feet; stressed sylables in a line
Iambic
US US US
Trochaic
SU SU SU
Anapestic
UUS UUS
Dactylic
SUU SUU
Amphibraic
USU USU
Spondee and Pyrrhic
SS UU SS UU
Line lengths
Syllables per line
End-stopped
punctuation at the end
Enjambement
no pause at end of line
Caesura
Main pause within a line
Masculine Rhyme
last accented syllable
Feminine Rhyme
not-last accented
Sprung or slant rhyme
eye-symmetry
Sight Rhyme
Looks like it should rhyme, doesn't (ie good and food)
Internal rhyme
rhyme within a line
the closer the rhyme...
the stronger it is
Blank Verse
Iambic Pentameter, unrhymed, Shakespeare
Couplet
Two rhymed lines, thought complete in second
Tercet
-Terza rima
-Haiku
Three rhymed lines
-ABA BCB CDC
-17 syllables, 5-7-5, no stops or rhymes, 3 lines
Quatrain
-ballad(XAXA)
-elegy (ABAB)
Sextain
6 line stanza
-sestet is the last 6 lines of an Italian sonnet
Rime Royal
7 lines (ABABBCC)
Ottava rima
octave- italian sonnet, 8 lines
Spenserian stanza
iambic pent. except last line
free verse
no rhyme scheme or pattern
ballad stanza
4 iambic, 3 and 4 feet
narrative poetry
tells a story
dramatic
plays in poetic form, shakes
lyric
emotion rather than story
folk ballad
romantic theme, simple language, short simple narrative
literary ballad
skilled craftsman form
didactic verse
teaches a lesson, satire
elegy
lyric expressing grief at death
ode
long lyric, formal, commemoration or an event
epic
really long
hyperbole
exaggeration for effect
antithesis
figure of speech, two contrasting ideas
apostrophe
addresses the dead as though living
metonymy
change of name
irony
opposite of what is meant
climax
grouping of words to lead from less to most important
paradox
seemingly contradictory statement, really true
parallelism
repetition in different words for effect