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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
dramatic irony
occurs when the audience or the reader knows something important that a character in a play or story does not know
situational irony
occurs when there is a contrast between what would seem appropriate and what really happens, or when what we expect to happen is in fact quite contradictory to what really does take place
verbal irony
a writer or speaker says one thing but really means something completely different
oxymoron
combination of contradictory terms
hyperbole
grossly exaggerated statement
understatment
under stated
double entendre
intentional ambiguity, often sexual in nature
pun
a play on the multiple meanings of a word, or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings
rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them; in words that are close together in a poem
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhymes in a poem indicated by the use of a different letter of the alphabet for each rhyme
alliteration
repetition of the same onsonants sounds in words that are close together in a poem, or repetition of consonant sounds that are familiar
rhythm
musical quality in language produed by repetition; regular or irregular determined by counting up the syllables in line
meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
onomatopoeia
use of a word whose sounds imitates or suggests its meaning
stanza
group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
explicate
detailed report (of poem)
connotative
all the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
denotative
dictionary meaning
diction
a writers/speakers choice of words
theme
central idea of a work of literature
tone
attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject or a character
syntax
author's choice of grammar
juxtaposition
put two things next to each other for terms of comparison
inversion
reversal of the normal order of a sentence
paradox
seemingly self-contradictory statement that is in fact true
persona
speaker, voice that is talking to us in a poem
metaphor
figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles
implied metaphor
does not tell us directly the one thing is something but rather it uses words that suggest what the nature of the comparison is
extended metaphor
that is extended, or developed, over several lines of writing or even throughout an entire poem; more than one metaphor on same subject
simile
figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using words like as, resembles, like or than
symbol
a person, a place, or a thing or an event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well
personification
special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human
Allusion
reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science or pop culture
metonymy
uses something closely related to that thing to represent the whole
synecdoche
use part of something to represent the whole
imagery
sense used to paint a picture
apostrophe
personification of something for the purpose of addressing it
slant rhyme
occurs when words include sounds that are similar but not identical
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
repetition
recurrence of sounds, words, phrases, lines, stanzas in a speech or piece of writing; regular
refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines; organized, part of a real pattern