Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/41

Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PROSTHESIS
ADDING A SYLLABLE IN FRONT OF A WORD
EPENTHESIS
ADDING A SYLLABLE IN THE MIDDLE OF A WORD
PROPARALEPSIS
ADDING A SYLLABLE AT THE END OF A WORD
APHAERESIS
SUBTRACTING A SYLLABLE FROM THE BEGINNING OF A WORD
SYNCOPE
SUBTRACTING A SYLLABLE FROM THE MIDDLE OF A WORD
APOCOPE
SUBTRACTING A SYLLABLE FROM THE END OF A WORD
METATHESIS
TRANSPOSITION OF LETTERS IN A WORD
ANTISTHECON
CHANGE OF SOUND
PARALLELISM
SIMILARITY IN STRUCTURE IN A PAIR OF RELATED WORDS, PHRASES, OR CLAUSES
ANTITHESIS
JUXTAPOSITION OF CONTRASING IDEAS, OFTEN IN PARALLEL FORM
ANASTROPHE
INVERSION OF THE NATURAL OR USUAL WORD ORDER
PARENTHESIS
INSERTION OF SOME VERBAL UNIT IN A POSITION THAT INTERRUPTS THE NORMAL SYNTACTIC FLOW OF THE SENTENCE
APPOSITION
PLACING TWO COORDINATE ELEMENTS SIDE BY SIDE, THE SECOND MODIFYING OR EXPLAINING THE FIRST
ELLIPSIS
DELIBERATE OMISSION OF A WORD OR WORDS WHICH ARE READILY SUPPLIED BY THE CONTEXT
ASYNDETON
DELIBERATE OMISSION OF CONJUNCTIONS BETWEEN RELATED CLAUSES
ALLITERATION
REPETITION OF INITIAL OR MEDIAL CONSONANT SOUNDS IN TWO OR MORE ADJACENT WORDS
ASSONANCE
REPETITION OF VOWEL SOUNDS FOLLOWED BY DIFFERENT CONSONANTS, IN THE STRESSED SYLLABLES OF ADJACENT WORDS
ANAPHORA
REPETITION OF THE SAME WORD OR GROUPS OF WORDS AT THE BEGINNINGS OF SUCCESSIVE CLAUSES
EPISTROPHE
REPETITION OF THE SAME WORD OR GROUP OF WORDS AT THE ENDS OF SUCCESSIVE CLAUSES
ANALEPSIS
REPETITION AT THE END OF A CLAUSE OF THE WORD THAT BEGAN THE CLAUSE
ANACLIPLOSIS
REPETITION OF THE LAST WORD OF ONE CLAUSE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE FOLLOWING CLAUSE
CLIMAX
REPETITION OF WORDS, PHRASES, OR CLAUSES IN INCREASING IMPORTANCE
ANTIMETABOLE
REPETITION OF WORDS, IN SUCCESSIVE CLAUSES, IN REVERSE GRAMMATICAL ORDER
POLYTOTON
REPETITION OF WORDS DERIVED FROM THE SAME ROOT
METAPHOR
AN IMPLIED COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO THINGS OF UNLIKE NATURE THAT YET HAVE SOMETHING IN COMMON
SIMILE
AN EXPLICIT COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO THINGS OF UNLIKE NATURE THAT YET HAVE SOMETHING IN COMMON
SYNECHDOCHE
A FIGURE OF SPEECH IN WHICH A PART STANDS FOR THE WHOLE
METONYMY
SUBSTITUTION OF SOME ATTRIBUTIVE OR SUGGESTIVE WORD FOR WHAT IS ACTUALLY MEANT
PUNS
A GENERIC NAME FOR THOSE FIGURES WHICH MAKE A PLAY ON WORDS
ANTANACLASIS
REPETITION OF A WORD IN TWO SENSES
PARANOMASIA
THE USE OF WORDS ALIKE IN SOUND BUT DIFFERENT IN MEANING
SYLLEPSIS
THE USE OF A WORD UNDERSTOOD DIFFERENTLY IN RELATION TO TWO OR MORE OTHER WORDS
ANTHIMERIA
THE SUBSTITUTION OF ONE PART OF SPEECH FOR ANOTHER
PERIPHRASIS
SUBSTITUTION OF A DESCRIPTIVE WORD OR PHRASE FOR A PROPER NAME, OR A QUALITY ASSOCIATED WITH THAT NAME
PERSONIFICATION
INVESTING ABSTRACTIONS OR INANIMATE OBJECTS WITH HUMAN QUALITIES/ABILITIES
HYPERBOLE
THE USE OF EXAGGERATED TERMS FOR EMPHASIS OR HEIGHTENED EFFECT
LITOTES
THE DELIBERATE USE OF UNDERSTATEMENT, NOT TO DECEIVE, BUT TO ENHANCE INPRESSIVENESS
RHEOTORICAL QUESTION
TO ASK A QUESTION NOT FOR AN ANSWER, BUT TO ASSERT/DENY SOMETHING OBLIQUELY
IRONY
THE USE OF A WORD/PHRASE TO CONVEY THE OPPOSITE OF THE LITERAL MEANING
ONOMATOPOEIA
THE USE OF WORDS WHOSE SOUND ECHOES THE SENSE
OXYMORON
THE YOKING OF TWO TERMS WHICH ARE ORDINARILY CONTRADICTORY