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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prose
The ordinary language or writing and speaking
Ballad
A poem or song that tells a story, often uses a refrain
Blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Elegy
A lament, particularly for the dead
Epic
A long narrative poem treating a theme of action in heroic style
Free verse
Poetry which has no regular rhyme or rhythm
Lyric
Poem that expresses a feeling rather than tells a story
Narrative
Poem that tells a story
Ode
A short dignified poem in an elevated style, especially the expression of a sustained noble sentiment
Soliloquoy
A monologue, talking to oneself regardless of the presence of others
Sonnet
Fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter: expresses two successive phrases of a single thought or idea
Shakespearean sonnet
Twelve lines followed by a couplet: rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
Stanza
A division of a poem consisting of a group of lines, particularly when they follow the same metrical pattern and rhyme scheme
Couplet
A two line stanza
Meter
The recurrent rhythm in language, especially in poetry, created by the organized arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Metric feet
Rhythmical units within a line of poetry. A line of poetry is named after the number of these units within that line.
Rhythm
Regular beat or cadence in poetry or music. The rhythmical unit within the line is called the foot.
Rhyme scheme
The pattern of the rhyming words at the ends of the lines, marked off alphabetically, with each letter corresponding to a new rhyme
Feminine rhyme
The last two syllables are rhymed between verses, creating a double rhyme
Internal rhyme or assonance
Rhyming of two or more words within a single line of poetry
Figurative language
The use of comparisons by the poet to convey ideas
Alliteration
Repetition of the first sound of words in close sequence
Allusion
A reference to a literary or history figure or event, may allude to myth, religion, etc
Apostrophe
Addressing directly some person or thing absent or present
Hyperbole
Overstatement: exaggerate what is literally true
Imagery
Use of language to create a physical sensation in the mind.
Senses of hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch.
Metaphor
An implied comparison in which one thing is described in terms of something else
Metonymy
Reference to something (the naming of it) by one of its attributes
Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate the sounds they designate
Personification
A kind of metaphor where a thing is given human characterisitcs.
Simile
An expressed comparison. Using the word like or as.