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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sound
*
alliteration
repetition of intial consonant sounds within a line
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds: three skiers
cacophony
inharmonious sounds for effect: patronizing polyglot
consonance
repetition of consonant sounts: like black cats
end rhyme
rhyme occuring at the end of a line
euphony
harmonious sounds for melodious effect: small birds sighed
eye rhyme
merely looks like rhyme: cough, bough, rough
feminine rhyme
final two syllables in lines have the same sound: singing, ringing; revival, arrival
half rhyme (slant rhyme)
imperfect, near rhyme: sun, soul; sea, beaks
internal rhyme
rhyme occurring inside a line: "He put the socket in his pocket"
masculine rhyme
final syllable in each of two lines has the same sound: stark, mark; support, retort
onomatopoeia
use of a word whose sound suggests meaning: buzz saw
rhyme scheme
rhyming pattern, indicated by representing similar sounds with similar letters: abab cdcd efef gg
sense
*
allusion
a reference to a Biblical, historic, or mythic person or event: and there he met his Waterloo
antithesis
direct opposites
apostrophe
a thing is addressed directly as if it is a listening person
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
conceit
an extended metaphor which stretches throughout the whole poem
connotation
the suggestions or associations connected with a word
diction
careful word choice
hyperbole/overstatement
exaggeration
imagery
language appealing to the senses--visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, kinesthetic, tactile, thermal
irony
a contrast between what is said and meant, or between what is expected and what happens
metaphor
indirect comparison between two things
metonymy
the name of one thing for another which it is closely related to: "The office needs a woman with a little gray in her hair."
oxymoron
a condensed paradox: living death
paradox
a statement which seems to contradict itself but is somehow true
personification
gives objects and animals human qualities
simile
direct comparison using like or as
symbolism
use of an object to suggest another object or idea
synecdoche
a part substituted for the whole
theme
the truths about life that the poet is trying to convey
tone
the writer's attitude toward his/her subject
understatement
the opposite of hyperbole
caesura
a slight pause within the line
end-stopped line
concludes with a distinct pause
foot
a unit of meter. a metrical foot can have 2 or 3 syllables
iamb
every other syllable is stressed beginning with the second
trochee
every other syllable is stressed beginning with the first
anapest
every third syllable is stressed, starting with the third
dactyl
every third syllable is stressed begining with the first
spondee
two stressed, 1 unstressed
meter
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
rhythm
however many feet are in a line
mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa
run-on line (Enjambment
the sense carries onto a second line without a pause
stanzas
*
couplet
two lines usually with end rhyme
heroic couplet
rhyming couplet in iambic pentameter
triplet (Tercet)
3 line stanza with one rhyme
terza rima
3 line stanza linked by rhyme to next stanza: aba bcb cdc....
quatrain
4 line stanza
rhyme royal
7 line stanza of iambic pentameter rhyming ababbcc
ottava rima
8 line stanza of iambic pentameter rhyming abababcc
Italian/Petrarchan sonnet
abba abba cde cde
shakespearean/English Sonnet
abab cdcd efef gg