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41 Cards in this Set

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Traditional Verse
Language arranged in lines, with a regular rhythm and often a definite rhyme scheme.
Includes blank verse, which is unrhymed iambic pentameter verse.
Free Verse
Does away with regular rhythm and rhyme, although it is set in lines and does feature the language of poetry.
Releases R&R
Narrative poetry
tells a story and has characters setting, and action
A narrator tells...
Lyric Poetry
expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Song's lyrics often express this of the singer
Dramatic poetry
presents characters who speak to other characters or to some unidentified listener
Limerick
a comic poem written in three long and 2 short lines, rhymed in the pattern: aabba
comic
Ballad
a story told in verse and usually meant to be sung
Repetition
the repetition of a word to produce an effect in any form of literature
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds of words, usually, but not exclusively, at the end of lines of poetry
1. End Rhyme
2. Internal Rhyme
Rhyme, time, lime, crime
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests the meaning
buzz, clang, purr
Rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds in a line of poetry
Alliteration
the repetition of beginning consonant sounds in a line or in several lines of poetry
Rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem
Shakesperean sonnets: ababcdcdefefgg
Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually close together, in a group of words
fleet feet sweep by sleeping geeks.
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds within a group of words
begging and dragging
Figurative Language
any language that is not intended to be interpreted in a strict, literal sense
Metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them
I am a rock; I am an island
Implied Metaphore
does not directly state that one thing is another. Instead, implied metaphors suggest comparisons
Extended metaphor
a metaphor that is extended through several lines or stanzas of poetry
Simile
a comparison between two unlike things, using like or as
he was swift as an arrow
Personification
a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human characteristics
Idiom
a figure of speech that is an expression common to a particular language.
Hyperbole
an obvious exaggeration for effect
Imagery
word "pictures"; a description that appeals to any one or any combination of the five senses
Diction
a writer's choice of words or expressions
Dialect
a representation of the speech patterns of a particular region or social groups
black, brooklyn or southern
refrain
repetition of a line or phrase that is repeated at regular intervals in a poem or song, usually at the end of a line or stanza
Poetic license
liberty taken by a poet in deviating from rule, conventional form, logic, or fact, in order to produce a desired effect
Inversion
a reversal of the usual order of words to achieve a certain effect.
"like the leaves of the forest when summer is green" instead of "summer is green, like the leaves of the forest."
stanza
a group of lines forming a unit in a poem
Allusion
a reference in one work of literature to another work of literature, art, or a historical event
Connotation
all the emotions and associations that a word or phrase arouses; the suggested meaning of a word
Denotation
literal meaning of a word
paraphrase
the act of putting a writing into one's own words
Symbol
any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value
Tone
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and readers
tone of voice
Parallelism
the use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in meaning or in structure
Petrarchan Sonnet
a 14-line lyric poem consisting of two parts: octave and sestet - named for the medieval italian poet Petrarch who wrote a series of sonnets to his love, laura
Shakespearean Sonnet
a 14-line lyric poem consisting of 3 quatrains and a conclusion couplet
Quatrain
usually, a stanza or poem of four lines; may also be any group of 4 lines unified by a rhyme scheme.
Couplet
two consectuvie lines of poetry that rhyme