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22 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration ?
The repetition of the same or similar sound sounds at the beginning of words.
Examples: Tongue twisters; Tim’s took tons of tools to make toys for tots.
Allusion ?
a reference to a historical event.
Examples: reference to biblical, mythological, etc.
Assonance ?
the repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowels .
Example: Toungue twisters; Moses supposes his toes are roses.
Ballad ?
a poem that tells a story similar to folk or legend and often have repeated refrain.
Example: "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Blank Verse
poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Example: Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse
Carpe Diem
Latin expression that meas "seize the day." Carpe Diem poems usually urge the reader to live for today and enjoy the pleasures of the moment.
Example: "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may ....." by Robert Herrick
Figurative Language
The international and imaginative use of words and comparisons that are not literal, but that create original, vivid, and often unexpected images and associations. Also called metaphorical language
Example:
"Nature's first green is gold" ......................Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost
Hyperbole
a figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis
Example: “It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets”
Image (Imagery)
an image is an expression or recreation through language of any experience perceived through the senses.
Example: "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth.
Irony
in general, a tone or figure of speech in which there is discrepancy between what is expressed and what is meant or expected. May be used to achieve powerful effect indirectly.
Example: a bank robber robs a police station; that is ironic
Lyric
a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric a song in form or style.
Example: "Italian Sonnet” by James DeFord
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another, These comparisons do not use like of as.
Examples: "The world's a stage" , "He was a lion in battle"
Onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound reflects their sense or meaning
Example: "Buzz" , "Hiss", "Moan"
Oxymoron
a figure of speech in which two sharply contrasting terms are paired for emphasis or ironic effect.
Examples: joyful sdness or eloquent sadness
Personification
a form of metaphor, or simile in which nonhuman things are given human qualities.
Emaple: "The sunbeams smiled down upon us and danced happily as we walked through the park"

Simile
a figure of speech in which two things are compared using like or as.
Example: Langston Hughes poem Harlem.
symbol
anything that stands for something else
Example: The American flag stands for democracy
Anaphora
the repetition of the same word or group of words at the the beginning of successive clauses, sentences, or lines
Example: London by William Blake
Cacophony
discordant sounds in the jarring juxtaposition of harsh letters or syllable, sometimes inadvertent, but often deliberately used in poetry for effect
Example:n The opening lines of Fences
Euphony
Harmony or beauty of sound that provides a pleasuring effect to the ear, usually sought-for in poetry for effect.
Example: To Autumn by John Keats
Modulation
the harmonious use of language relative to the variations of stress and pitch
Phonetic symbolism
Sound suggestiveness; the association of particular word-sounds with common areas of meaning so that other words of similar sounds come to be associated with those meanings. Also called sound symbolism, it is utilized by poets to achieve sounds appropriate to their significance.