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27 Cards in this Set

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Rhetorical Devices
those devices which depend for their effect more upon the ear than on the mind
Alliteration
the repetition of one or more initial sounds, usually consonants and vowels at the beginning of each word in a series
Assonance
repetition of two or more vowel sounds within a line
Consonance
repetition of two or more consonant sounds within a line
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning: imitative harmony. Certain words, such as hiss, bang, meow, imitiate the sound they represent
Simile
a direct comparison of two unlike objects, using "like", "as", "than"
Metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike objects by identification or subsitution; a comparison that is suggested or implied
Personification
to give human or personal qualities to inanimate things or ideas
Apostrophe
an address to a person or personified object not present
Metonymy
the subsitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself
Synecdoche
a part is used to represent the whole object or idea
Hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect; overstatement
Litotes
a deliberate understatement; makes an assertion about something by denying its opposite
Euphemism
to express a disagreeable or unpleasant fact in agreeable language
Antithesis
sharply opposing ideas are expressed within a balanced grammatical structure
Epigram
a brief pointed saying that has the nature of a proverb; based on contrast
Paradox
a statement which appears self-contradictory, but underlines a basis of truth
Oxymoron
two contradictory terms brought together to express a paradox for strong effect
Figurative Devices
those devices which appeal more to the mind than the ear
Rhetorical Question
asking a question in such a way that the answer, being obvious, is not needed
Allusion
a direct reference to a proper noun; the reference is usually mythological but could be legendary, religious, historical, or literary; the invocation of a name recalls concurrently ideas, emotions, traditions, insights, moral and ethical stances
Irony
the contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning
verbal irony
meaning one thing and saying another
Dramatic Irony
contrast between the speaker says and what the author means or what the reader knows to be true
situational irony
when the reality of a situation differs from the anticipated or intended effect; when something unexpected occurs
symbolism
the use of one object to suggest another hidden object or idea
repetition
words, sounds, devices, are repeated primarily for the sake of emphasis; repetition is the most effective device for precise emotional responses such as anger, fear, sorrow, defiance,a nd so forth