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10 Cards in this Set

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Giving lifelike qualities to inanimate objects.

"The old house groaned in the fierce storm."
personification
Stating something in such a way that the exact opposite is implied.

"That was a brilliant remark" when it was anything but brilliant is an example of the speaker's ironic intention.
irony
Extreme exaggeration to create effect.

"Dr. Johnson drank his tea in oceans." (Encarta)
"I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
hyperbole
Speaking directly to an absent person or a lifeless object as if it could reply.

"Beware, O Asparagus, you've stalked my last meal."

"Moon have you met my mother?"
apostrophe
Understatement by substitutions. A softer or more, pleasant term for a shocking or unpleasant one.

"rest room" (toilet), "pass away" (to die),
euphemism
A comparison using like or as.

"He's as graceful as a coat rack."
simile
A direct comparison without the use of like or as.

"My love is a blossoming flower." (compares two dissimilar things)
metaphor
Substituting a term associated with another for the original term.

"We have always remained loyal to the crown." (queen, England)
metonymy
Using contrasting expressions balanced against each other.

"To err is human, to forgive divine." Alexander Pope
antithesis
A symbol is something that represents something else.

American flag might represent freedom.
A ring could be a symbol of undying love.
symbolism