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118 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any arthropod or rodent capable of transmitting disease to individuals
vector
acts as intermediate host, reservoir or affects personnel efficiency or morale
vector
individual potentially susceptible to illness
host
organism where the agent lives and multiples
reservoir
any substance or mixture of substance that kills pests
pesticide
three locations for entomologists
dvecc, epmu's and fssg
where are dvecc's located
jacksonville,fl and bangor,wa
where are the epmu's located
norfolk, san diego, pearl harbor and sigonella
what fssg's
1st fssg in camp pendleton, 2nd fssg in camp lejeune, and 3rd fssg in okinawa
who is required to plan and recommend vector control measures
medical dept
who is responisble for determining that all pesticides are applied safely
medical dept
who is responsible for inspections and surveys to determine the species, source, location and density of vectors
medical dept
what classification of pesticide controls mites, scorpions, spiders and ticks
acaricide
what classification of pesticide controls fungi
fungicide
what classification of pesticide controls undesired vegetation
herbicide
who makes recommendations relating to sanitation standards and practices affecting the presence and abundance of vectors and utilization of vector control methods
medical dept
in the event of a vector-borne disease outbreak with no public works dept, what happens
med dept will be held responsible for all operational phases of vector control
what classification of pesticide controls insects
insecticides
what classification of pesticide control snails and other mollusks
molluscicide
what classification of pesticide controls rodents
rodenticides
what inst governs pest mgmt programs
opnavinst 6250.4
what inst states that naval shore activities will cooperate with federal, state and local enviromental protection agencies
opnavinst 6250.4
what are the three dod pesticide standards
restricted use (controlled pesticides), uncontrolled pesticides, nonstandard pesticides
define restricted use (controlled pesticides)
for use by trained pesticides applicators, includes all epa restricted use pesticides
define uncontrolled pesticides
available without control through the military supply system, does not require special training, BUT only trained personnel may apply these products on ship
who do you contact if unsatisfactory results or doubt of qualified applicators to supervise the pesticide application
epmu or other units with an entomologist
define nonstandard pesticide
must be approved by the appropriate area entomologist prior to use
who provides information on all appropriate personal protective measures against vectors
med dept
what mode of entry kills following ingestion
stomach poisons
what mode of entry enters through the insects body wall or respiratory center and kills after contact
contact poison
what mode of entry enters in the gaseous or vapor form via the respiratory system and or through body surfaces
fumigants
what governs pesticide labeling
fifra
what is fifra
federal insecticide, fungicide and rodenticide act of 1972
describe the label danger
skull and crossbones, antidote statement, highly toxic
describe the label warning
no antidote statement, moderately toxic
describe the label caution
no antidote statement, slightly toxic
describe the label no warning
comparatively free of toxicity
what must all pesticides bear the words saying
keep out of reach of children
what classification is pyrethrums
botanical
what is pyrethrums used for
lice
what classification is d-phen
pyrethroid
what is d-phen used for
flushing agent for cockroaches, kills flies and cockroaches
what is deet used for
repellent
what causes irreverisible cholinesterase inhibition
organophosphates
mild s/s of organophosphates
anorexiz, headache, dizziness, weakness, anxiety, tremors of tongue and eyelids, miosis and visual impairment
moderate s/s of organophosphates
nausea, salivation, lacrimation, abdominal cramps, vomiting, sweating, slow pulse and muscle tremors
severe s/s of organophosphates
diarrhea, pinpoint and non-reactive pupils, dyspnea, cyanosis, loss of sphincter control, convulsions, coma and heart attack
tx for organophosphate exposure
after cyanosis, give 2-4mg atropine, repeat until atropinization, maintain tx 24hrs or longer, 2 pam may be used for supportive therapy
what causes reversible cholinesterase inhibition
carbamate poisoning
s/s carbamate poisoning
pupillary constriction, salivation, profuse sweating, lassitude, muscle incoordination, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, epigastric pain and tightness in the chest
what is in a pesticide spill kit
absobent material, shovel, leak-proof barrel, detergent and water, and appropriate protective clothing
what is the tx for carbamate poisoning
atropine until atropinization, DO NOT USE 2 PAM
what is a central nervous system depressant/stimulants
organochlorine pesticide poisoning
s/s organochlorine pesticide poisoning
within 20mins-4hrs may have headache, nausea/vomiting, restlessness, tremor, apprehension, convulsion, coma, respiratory failure and death
tx for organochlorine pesticide poisoning
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING, lavage stomach with 2-4 liters tap water, induce catharsis with 30gm sodium sulfate in one cup water, DO NOT GIVE STIMULANTS, avoid oils, oil laxatives and epinephrine
describe pesticide spill clean-up procedures
confine, shovel all contaminated material into leak-proof barrel, treat contaminated
when is the only time you use bleach to clean up pesticide
on shore
how long do you maintain pest control logs
two years
refer to what for guidance regarding pest control log
navmed p-5010, chapter 8
what is another name for pediculus humanus humanus
body louse
what is the tx for body louse
elimite (permethrin), wash all clothing and linens 37.8C (100F), wash all brushes and combs
another name for head louse
pediculus humanus capitis
tx for head louse
permethrin, wash all clothing/linens, wash all brushes/combs
describe a german cockroach
two longitudinal dark stripes near the head, female produces an avg of 6 eggs
how many eggs are in each female german cockroach capsule
50
habits of german cockroach
most common indoor species; food service spaces and facilities
distinguishing characteristics of brown-banded cockroach
two yellow cross bands near the base of the adult wings and two transverse light bands on the dorsal surface of the nymphs
habits of the brown-banded cockroach
prefers living rooms, dining rooms and bedrooms; hotels/motels; not considered a food service area species
characteristics of american cockroach
anterior dorsal plate behind the head has conspicuous yellow posterior border strip, female produces avg 34 capsules
avg # eggs in capsule of american cockroach
15
four methods of prevention and control for all cockroaches
sanitation, eliminate harborages, chemical control and bait application
what are four typical harborages
old and torn insulation, areas between walls, hollow legs and areas behind drawers, oven hoods, under counters and serving lines
how often do you conduct a survey
every two weeks
what is the most common sign of a moth problem
webbing
what readily infest all farinaceous products with larvae
moth
describe the antennal segments of a red flour beetle
terminal three antennal are distinctly larger than the rest
describe the antennal segments of the confused beetle
gradually increase in size, similiar to the shape of a baseball bat
what is the uniqueness of the eggs from red flour and confused beetles
covered with a sticky secretion and adhere to the sides of sacks and boxes
what type of beetle is resistant to starvation
trogoderma beetle
what when ingested can cause intestinal problems and if found deems the whole lot unfit
trogoderma larvae
which beetle is most commonly found in stored products
saw-toothed grain beetle
whose eggs are small, white and slender
saw-toothed grain beetle
name the food items with high insect infestation potential
grits, oatmeal, farina, dry mix, macaroni, barley, cookie/cake mix, flour, dry beans/peas and ready to eat cereal
what type of sampling is used when surveying
random sampling
what do you observe samples for when surveying
seams in sacks, pinholes in boxes and plastic bags, feces, webbing, cast skins, larval forms and adult insects
what is conducted monthly by the medical dept
routine sanitation inspections to include all food storage spaces
where are house fly eggs deposited
decaying vegetable and animal matter, garbage, animal/human feces and contaminated soil
another name for fly larvae
maggots
describe maggots
creamy white, .5" and burrow into soil to develop brown pupal case
what stage is after the maggot stage
pupa, lasting 4-5 days
describe the mouth part of a adult house fly
non-biting, sponging mouth
identifying characteristic of blow fly
large metallic shining blue or green abdomens
what are blow fly larvae called
surgical maggots
what may blow fly larvae cause
myiasis
where do sand fly's lay their eggs
abundance of organic matter
what diseases may sand fly's transmit
bacterial (bartonella), viral (sand fly or pappataci fever) and protozoal (leishmaniasis)
what flies are restricted to the african continent south of the sahara desert
tse tse fly
what disease is the tse tse fly capable of transmitting
trypanosomiasis
list some control measures for tse tse flies
traps, natural enemies, control of host game animals, fly barriers, aerosol spray
what disease is the black fly capable of transmitting
onchocerciasis (river blindness)
what are some control methods for the black fly
application of larvicides to the streams where the immature forms are developing
what disease is the horse/deer fly capable of transmitting
anthrax, tularemia, trypanosomes and helminthic (loa loa) infections
what are some control methods for the horse/deer fly
insecticides, most are ineffective
what are very small flies attracted to eye secretions, wounds, pus and sebaceous secretions
eye gnats
describe an aedes aegypti
lyre-shaped silver-white lines on the thorax and white bands on the tarsal segments
what are some typical breeding spaces for aedes aegypti
flower vases, tin cans, jars, discarded automobile tires, etc (container breeder)
when does the aedes aegypti normally bite
morning and late afternoon
disease that the aedes aegypti are capable of transmitting
dengue fever, yellow fever, tularemia an dfilarial nematodes
what are some control measures for aedes aegypti
drain standing water, screening, repellants and chemoprophylaxis
distinguishing characteristic of anopheles species
spotted wings
what disease does anopheles transmit
malaria
characteristic of culex species
most occur in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world
where do culex breed
artificial containers to large bodies of permanent water (sewers)
disease culex is capable of transmitting
encephalomyelitis and west nile
what flea is abundantly found in the south and southern california
oriental flea
what flea is the chief vector of bubonic plague and flea borne typhus
oriental flea
what are some control methods of the oriental flea
repellant, avoid infested areas, protective clothing
what is the tx of breeding areas for oriental fleas
residual emulsion spray on floors, rugs, etc, up to two feet above the floor