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50 Cards in this Set

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Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM) [Technique]
Begins with P: A schedule network diagramming technique in which schedule activities are represented by boxes (or nodes). Schedule activities are graphically linked by one or more logical relationships to show the sequence in which the activities are to be performed.
Precedence Relationship
Begins with P: The term used in the precedence diagramming method for a logical relationship. In cut-rent usage, however, precedence relationship, logical relationship, and dependency are widely used interchangeably, regardless of the diagramming method used.
Predecessor Activity
Begins with P: The schedule activity that determines when the logical successor activity can begin or end.
Preventive Action
Begins with P: Documented direction to perform an activity that can reduce the probability of negative consequences associated with project risks*.
Probability and Impact Matrix [fool]
Begins with P: A common way to determine whether a risk is considered low, moderate, or high by combining the two dimensions of a risk: its probability of occurrence, and its impact on objectives if it occurs.
Procedure
Begins with P: A series of steps followed in a regular definitive order to accomplish something.
Process
Begins with P: A set of interrelated actions and activities performed to achieve a specified set of products, results, or services.
Process Group
Begins with P: See Project ]Management Process Groups.
Procurement Documents [Output/Input]
Begins with P: Those documents utilized in bid and proposal activities, which include buyer's Invitation for Bid. Invitation for Negotiations, Request for Information, Request for Quotation, Request for Proposal and seller's responses.
Procurement Management Plan [Output/Input]
Begins with P: The document that describes how procurement processes from developing procurement documentation through contract closure will be managed.
Product
Begins with P: An artifact that is produced, is quantifiable, and can be either an end item in itself or a component item. Additional words for products are materiel and goods. Contrast with result and service. See also deliverable.
Product Life Cycle
Begins with P: A collection of generally sequential, non-overlapping product phases* whose name and number are determined by the manufacturing and control needs of the organ/eat/on. The last product life cycle phase for a product is generally the product's deterioration and death. Generally, a project life cycle is contained within one or more product life cycles
Product Scope
Begins with P: The features and functions that characterize a product, service or result. Product Scope Description. The documented narrative description of the product scope.
Program
Begins with P: A group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually. Programs may include elements of related work outside of the scope of the discrete projects in the program.
Program Management
Begins with P: The centralized coordinated management of a program to achieve the program's strategic objectives and benefits.
Program Management Office (PMO)
Begins with P: The centralized management of a particular program or programs such that corporate benefit is realized by the sharing of resources, methodologies, tools, and techniques, and related high-level project management focus.See also project management office.
Progressive Elaboration [Technique]
Begins with P: Continuously improving and detailing a plan as more detailed and specific information and more accurate estimates become available as the project progresses, and thereby producing more accurate and complete plans that result from the successive iterations of the planning process.
Project
Begins with P: A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.
Project Calendar
Begins with P: A calendar of working days or shifts that establishes those dates on which schedule activities are worked and nonworking days that determine those dates on which schedule activities are idle. Typically defines holidays, weekends and shift hours. See also resource calendar.
Project Charter [Output/Input]
Begins with P: A document issued by the project initiator or sponsor that formally authorizes the existence of a project, and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities.
Project Communications Management [Knowledge Area]
Begins with P: See Appendix F. Project Cost Management [Knowledge Areal. See Appendix F.
Project Human Resource Management [Knowledge Areal
Begins with P: See Appendix F.
Project Initiation
Begins with P: Launching a process that can result in the authorization and scope definition of a new project.
Project Integration Management [Knowledge Area]
Begins with P: See Appendix F.
Project Life Cycle
Begins with P: A collection of generally sequential project phases whose name and number are determined by the control needs of the organization or organizations involved in the project. A life cycle can be documented with a methodology-.
Project Management (PM)
Begins with P: The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities* to meet the project requirements.
Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOKR`)
Begins with P: An inclusive term that describes the sum of knowledge within the profession of project management. As with other professions such as law, medicine, and accounting, the body of knowledge rests with the practitioners and academics that apply and advance it. The complete project management body of knowledge includes proven traditional practices that are widely applied and innovative practices that are emerging in the profession. The body of knowledge includes both published and unpublished material. The PMBOK is constantly evolving.
Project Management Information System (Pil'IIS) [Tool]
Begins with P: An information system consisting of the tools and techniques used to gather, integrate, and disseminate the outputs of project management processes. It is used to support all aspects of the project from initiating through closing, and can include both manual and automated
Project Management Knowledge Area
Begins with P: An identified area of project management defined by its knowledge requirements and described in terms of its component processes, practices, inputs, outputs, tools, and techniques.
Project Management Office (PMO)
Begins with P: An organizational body or entity assigned various responsibilities related to the centralized and coordinated management of those projects under its domain. The responsibilities of a PMO can range from providing project management support functions to actually being responsible for the direct management of a project. See also program management office.
Project Management Plan [Outputllnput]
Begins with P: A formal, approved document that defines how the projected is executed, monitored and controlled. It may be summary or detailed and may be composed of' one or more subsidiary management plans and other planning documents.
Project Management Process
Begins with P: One of the 44 processes, unique to project management and described in the PPIBOK" Guide.
Project Management Process Group
Begins with P: A logical grouping of the project management processes described in the .PMI3OK" Guide. The project management process groups include initiating processes, planning processes, executing processes, monitoring and controlling processes, and closing processes. Collectively, these five groups are required for any project, have clear internal dependencies, and must be performed in the same sequence on each project, independent of the application area or the specifics of the applied project life cycle. Project management process groups are not project phases.
Project Management Professional (PM")
Begins with P: A person certified as a PMP7 by the Project Management Institute (PMI).
Project Management Sofhvarc [Wool]
Begins with P: A class of computer software applications specifically designed to aid the project management teen with planning, monitoring, and controlling the project, including: cost estimating, scheduling, communications, collaboration. configuration management, document control. records management, and risk analysis.
Project Management System [Tool]
Begins with P: The aggregation of the processes, tools, techniques, methodologies, resources, and procedures to manage a project. The system is documented in the project management plan and its content will vary depending upon the application area, organizational influence, complexity of the project, and the availability of existing systems. A project management system, which can be formal or informal, aids a project manager in effectively guiding a project to completion. A project management system is a set of processes and the related monitoring and control functions that are consolidated and combined into a functioning, unified whole.
Project Management Team
Begins with P: The members of the project team who are directly involved in project management activities. On some smaller projects, the project management team may include virtually all of the project team members.
Project Manager (PM)
Begins with P: The person assigned by the petfornring organization to achieve the project objectives*.
Project Organization Chart [Output/Input]
Begins with P: A document that graphically depicts the project team members and their interrelationships for a specific project.
Project Phase
Begins with P: A collection of logically related project activities*, usually culminating in the completion of a major deliverable. Project phases (also called phases) are mainly completed sequentially, but can overlap in some project situations. Phases can be subdivided into subphases and then components, this hierarchy. if the project or portions of the project are divided into phases, is contained in the work breakdown structure. A project phase is a component of a project life cycle. A project phase is not a project management process group*.
Project Process Groups
Begins with P: The five process groups required for any project that have clear dependencies and that are required to be performed in the same sequence on each project, independent of the application area or the specifics of the applied project Ii i' cycle. The process groups are initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing.
Project Procurement Management [Knowledge Area]
Begins with P: See Appendix F.
Project Quality Management [Knowledge Area]
Begins with P: See Appendix F. Project Risk Management [Knowledge Area]. See Appendix F.
Project Schedule [Output/Input]
Begins with P: The planned dates for performing schedule activities and the planned dates for meeting schedule milestones.
Project Schedule Network Diagram [Output/Input]
Begins with P: Any schematic display of the logical relationships among the project schedule activities. Always drawn from left to right to reflect project work chronology.
Project Scope
Begins with P: The work that must be performed to deliver a product, service, or result with the specified features and functions.
Project Scope Management [Knowledge Area]
Begins with P: See Appendix F.
Project Scope Management Plan [Output/Input]
Begins with P: The document that describes how the project scope will be defined, developed, and verified and how the work breakdown structure will be created and defined, and that provides guidance on how the project snipe will be managed and controlled by the project management team. It is contained in or is a subsidiary plan of the project management plan. The project scope management plan can be informal and broadly framed, or formal and highly detailed, based on the needs of the project.
Project Scope Statement [Outputllnput]
Begins with P: The narrative description of the project scope, including major deliverables, project objectives, project assumptions, project constraints, and a statement of work. that provides a documented basis for making future project decisions and for confirming or developing a common understanding of project scope among the stakeholders. The definition of the project scope - what needs to be accomplished.
Project Sponsor
Begins with P: See .sponsor.