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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Accept / Acceptance
Begins with A: The act of formally receiving or acknowledging something and regarding it as being true, sound, suitable, or complete.
Acceptance Criteria
Begins with A: Those criteria, including performance requirements and essential conditions, which must be met before project deliverables are accepted.
Acquire Project Team [Process]
Begins with A: The process of obtaining the human resources needed to complete the project.
Begins with A: A component of work performed during the course of a project. See also schedule activity.
Activity Attributes [Output/Input]
Begins with A: Multiple attributes associated with each schedule activity that can be included within the activity list. Activity attributes include activity codes, predecessor activities, successor activities, logical relationships, leads and lags, resource requirements, unposed dates, constraints, and assumptions.
Activity Code
Begins with A: One or more numerical or text values that identify characteristics of the work or in some way categorize the schedule activity that allows filtering and ordering of activities within reports.
Activity Definition [Process]
Begins with A: The process of identifying the specific schedule activities that need to be performed to produce the various project deliverables.
Activity Description (AD)
Begins with A: A short phrase or label for each schedule activity used in conjunction with an activity identifier to differentiate that project schedule activity from other schedule activities. The activity description normally describes the scope of work of the schedule activity.
Activity Duration
Begins with A: The time in calendar units between the start and Finish of a schedule activity. See also actual durcrtiatt original duration, and remaining duration.
Activity Duration Estimating [Process]
Begins with A: The process of estimating the number of work periods that will be needed to complete individual schedule activities.
Activity Identifier
Begins with A: A short unique numeric or text identification assigned to each schedule activity to differentiate that project activity* from other activities. Typically unique within any one project schedule network diagram.
Activity, List [Output/Input]
Begins with A: A documented tabulation of schedule activities that shows the activity description, activity identifier, and a sufficiently detailed scope of work description so project team members understand what work is to be performed.
Activity-on-Arrovv (AOA)
Begins with A: See arrow diagramming method. Activity-on-Node (AON). See precedence diagramming method.
Activity Resource Estimating [Process]
Begins with A: The process of estimating the types and quantities of resources required to perform each schedule activity.
Activity Sequencing [Process]
Begins with A: The process of identifying and documenting dependencies among schedule activities.
Actual Cost (AC)
Begins with A: Total costs actually incurred and recorded in accomplishing work performed during a given time period for a schedule activity or work breakdown structure component. Actual cost can sometimes be direct labor hours alone, direct costs alone, or all costs including indirect costs. Also referred to as the actual cost of work performed (ACWP). See also earned value management and earned value technique.
Actual Cost of Work Performed (ACWP)
Begins with A: See actual cost (AC).
Actual Duration
Begins with A: The time in calendar units between the actual start date of the schedule activity and either the data date of the project schedule if the schedule activity is in progress or the actual finish date iFthe schedule activity is complete.
Actual Finish Date (AF)
Begins with A: The point in time that work actually ended on a schedule activity. (Note: In some application areas, the schedule activity is considered "finished" when work is "substantially complete.")
Actual Start Date (AS)
Begins with A: The point in time that work actually started on a schedule activity.
Analogous Estimating [Technique]
Begins with A: An estimating technique that uses the values of parameters, such as scope, cost, budget, and duration or measures of scale such as size, weight, and complexity from a previous, similar activity as the basis for estimating the same parameter or measure for a future activity. It is frequently used to estimate a parameter when there is a limited amount of detailed information about the project (e.g., in the early phases). Analogous estimating is a form of expert judgment. Analogous estimating is most reliable when the previous activities are similar in fact and not just in appearance, and the project team members preparing the estimates have the needed expertise.
Application Area
Begins with A: A category of projects that have common components significant in such projects, but are not needed or present in all projects. Application areas are usually defined in terms of either the product (i.e., by similar technologies or production methods) or the type of customer (i.e., internal versus external, government versus commercial) or industry sector (i.e., utilities, automotive, aerospace, information technologies). Application areas can overlap.
Apportioned Effort (AE)
Begins with A: Effort applied to project work that is not readily divisible into discrete efforts for that work, but which is related in direct proportion to measurable discrete work efforts. Contrast with discrete effort.
Begins with A: See approve.
Begins with A: The act of formally confirming, sanctioning, ratifying, or agreeing to something.
Approved Change Request [Output/Input]
Begins with A: A change request that has been processed through the integrated change control process and approved. Contrast with requested change.
Begins with A: The graphic presentation of a schedule activity in the arrow diagramming method or a logical relationship between schedule activities in the precedence diagramming method.
Arrow Diagramming Method (ADM [Technique]
Begins with A: A schedule network diagramming technique in which schedule activities are represented by arrows. The tail of the arrow represents the start, and the head represents the finish of the schedule activity. (The length of the amlow does not represent the expected duration of the schedule activity.) Schedule activities are connected at points called nodes (usually drawn as small circles) to illustrate the sequence in which the schedule activities are expected to be performed. See also precedence diagramming method.
As-of Date
Begins with A: See data date.
Assumptions [Output/Input]
Begins with A: Assumptions are factors that, for planning purposes, are considered to be true, real, or certain without proof or demonstration. Assumptions affect all aspects of project planning, and are part of the progressive elaboration of the project. Project teams frequently identify, document, and validate assumptions as part of their planning process. Assumptions generally involve a degree of risk.
Assumptions Analysis [Technique]
Begins with A: A technique that explores the accuracy of assumptions and identifies risks to the project from inaccuracy, inconsistency, or incompleteness of assumptions.
Begins with A: The right to apply project resources*, expend fluids, make decisions, or give approvals.
Backward Pass
Begins with B: The calculation of late finish dates and late start dates for the uncompleted portions of all schedule activities. Determined by working backwards through the schedule network logic from the project's end date. The end date may be calculated in a forward pass or set by the customer or sponsor. See also schedule network analysis.
Bar Chart [Tool]
Begins with B: A graphic display of schedule-related information. In the typical bar chart, schedule activities or work breakdown structure components are listed down the left side of the chart, dales are shown across the top, and activity durations are shown as date-placed horizontal bars. Also called a Gantt chart.
Begins with B: The approved time phased plan (for a project, a work breakdown structure component, a work package, or a schedule activity), plus or minus approved project scope, cost, schedule, and technical changes. Generally refers to the current baseline, but may refer to the original or some other baseline. Usually used with a modifier (e.g., cost baseline, schedule baseline, performance measurement baseline, technical baseline). See also performance measurement baseline.
Baseline Finish Date
Begins with B: The finish date of a schedule activity in the approved schedule baseline. Sec also scheduled finish elate.
Baseline Start Date
Begins with B: The start date of a schedule activity in the approved schedule baseline. See also scheduled strut date.
Bill of Materials (BOM)
Begins with B: A documented formal hierarchical tabulation of the physical assemblies, subassemblies, and components needed to fabricate a product.
Bottom-up Estimating [Technique]
Begins with B: A method of estimating a component of work. The work is decomposed into more detail. An estimate is prepared of what is needed to meet the requirements of each of the lower, more detailed pieces of work, and these estimates are then aggregated into a total quantity for the component of work. The accuracy of bottom-up estimating is driven by the size and complexity of the work identified at the lower levels. Generally smaller work scopes increase the accuracy of the estimates.
Brainstorming [Technique]
Begins with B: A general data gathering and creativity technique that can be used to identify risks, ideas, or solutions to issues by using a group of team members or subject-matter experts. Typically, a brainstorming session is structured so that each participant's ideas are recorded for later analysis.
Begins with B: The approved estimate for the project or any work breakdown structure component or any schedule activity. See also estimate.
Budget at Completion (BAC)
Begins with B: The sum of all the budgets established for the work to be performed on a project or a work breakdown structure component or a schedule activity. The total planned value for the project.
Budgeted Cost of Work Performed (BCWP)
Begins with B: See earned value (Elf). Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled (BCWS). See planned value (P V). Buffer. See reserve.
Begins with B: The acquirer of products, services, or results for an organization.
Calendar Unit
Begins with C: The smallest unit of time used in scheduling the project, Calendar units are generally in hours, days, or weeks, but can also be in quarter years, months, shifts, or even in minutes.
Change Control
Begins with C: Identifying, documenting, approving or rejecting, and controlling changes to the project baselines *.
Change Control Board (CCB)
Begins with C: A formally constituted group of stakeholders responsible for reviewing, evaluating, approving, delaying, or rejecting changes to the project, with all decisions and recommendations being recorded.
Change Control System [Tool]
Begins with C: A collection of formal documented procedures that define how project deliverables and documentation will be controlled, changed, and approved. In most application areas the change control system is a subset of the configuration management system.
Change Request
Begins with C: Requests to expand or reduce the project scope, modify policies, processes, plans, or procedures, modify costs or budgets, or revise schedules. Requests for a change can be direct or indirect, externally or internally initiated, and legally or contractually mandated or optional. Only formally documented requested changes are processed and only approved change requests are implemented.
Chart of Accounts [Tool]
Begins with C: Any numbering system used to monitor project costs* by category (e.g., labor, supplies, materials, and equipment). The project chart of accounts is usually based upon the corporate chart of accounts of the primary performing organization. Contrast with code of accounts.