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83 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What do offensive realists say the US should so today?
Keep power, confront/contain potential challengers, but may provoke balancing
What do defensive realists say the US should so today?
Don’t provoke challengers, and other states may bandwagon
What do liberals say the US should so today?
Act multilaterally, justly, and fairly, since it’s not all about power
General purpose, universal membership IGOs
League of Nations, UN
General purpose, restricted membership IGOs
OAS, OAU, British Commonwealth, G8
Limited purpose, universal membership IGOs
IMF, World Bank, WHO, ILO
Limited purpose, restricted membership
EU, NATO, Mercosur, ASEAN
EU as an IGO
started as limited purpose, restricted membership, but is becoming general purpose, restricted membership
supranatural authority
A type of IGO where member states have granted them the authority to act independently and to make decisions that are binding on members even if some members disagree with those decisions
when elites can manipulate people easily because of skin-deep view of nationalism
informal coalition
States that behave as a coalition, formalized by a written treaty, for purposes of military security
types of alliances
entente, defense pact, nonaggression pact
How is dipolomacy important to liberals?
it is a form of soft power
soft power is...
a type of intangible power
hard power...
helps influence outcomes rather than leading to attraction and influencing goals
types of power to realists
capabilities and influence are the same
Whatever the ultimate aim of international politics, power is the immediate aim
Extent to which a government is subject to influences from society
tangible power
Believing that threat CAN be carried out
intangible power
Believing that threat WILL be carried out
high politics
international relations
low politics
domestic politics
realists believe...
all politics are high
unitary actor assumption
Realists treat all states as unitary actors, in which high politics are not based on low politics
liberals believe...
all politics are low, you can't separate high and low
________ is a critique of the liberal position
power elite
power elite
those who occupy leading positions of power basically agree on fundamental principles by which society is organized
risky shift
Individuals respond to real and hypothetical situations more conservatively than when they are in a group
instrumental rationality
Choose means that serve your ends
perfect rationality
All information is available and processed, make best decision possible
imperfect rationality
People do the best they can, act rationally within information processing limits
rational actor model
Clarify goals, decide which are most important
Selecting the first course of action that satisfies a minimal set of requirements, yielding an acceptable outcome
prospect theory
A perspective suggesting that decision makers are willing to take greater risks to protect what they have, and fewer risks to acquire what they want
MAD if
time to respond to first strike, mutual vulnerability
security dilemma
Many of the means by which a state tries to increase its security decrease the security of others
people fight when steady progress is followed by a sharp downturn
hobson's theory of capitalism
many companies will end up competing with each other for foreign market share, and this could involve military conflict
international system is most important determinant of war/conflict, keep peace through balance of power
blainey's critique of waltx
wars start when sides are equally matched
keohane and nye's critique of waltz
complex interdependence, soft power important
complex interdependence...
seems to preclude the use of military force
power transition theory
causes of ethnopolitical conflict
poverty, lack of democracy, existing conflict
compromose position between realism and pacifism is...
just war
just cause, last resort
just cause
war is only for self-defense
3 parts of just war
declared publicy and by a legitimate authority, discrimination, proportionality
a community of humankind that shares rights, responsibilities
consent/pacts are sacred
realism and international law
international law doesn't matter, leaders shouldn't feel bound by it
3 perspectives of international law
naturalism, positivism, realism
realists see IOs as ______
they just reflect power and interests at any one time
sovereignty over IL
IL over sovereignty
liberals take a _____ stance on IL
unstable/negative peace
absence of war due to military threats
stable peace
absence of preparation or expectation for war
positive peace
absence of injustice, disagreement
kantian tripod of peace
federation of states (IOs), hospitality (interdependence), democracy
a theory of stable peace where you use IOs to solve problems
Mansfield and Snyder says that, to ease the transition to democracy,
you should give elites a "golden parachute"
reduce vulnerability and maximize wealth by exporting, not importing
how quickly changes happen, how great they are
the actual costs
geo-economics is like realism/mercantilism because...
states are in perpetual competition
geo-economics is like liberalism because...
warfare costs more, economics more important
military indistrial complex
Sectors of society that benefit from spending on national defense, including the defense industry and professional military establishment
follow-on imperative
As one company stops producing a weapons, it gets a new weapons contract
command economy
An economic system in which decisions about the production, allocation and consumption of goods and services are planned ahead of time, in either a centralized or decentralized fashion
free market
Controversial model of an idealized economy, wherein exchanges are "free" of all coercive measures, including such government interference as tariffs, taxation, and regulations
trade balance
economic liberalism
private ownership, free markets, free trade
restrict imports to protect domestic industries
government economic policy converges to what market dictates
modernization theory
underdevelopment due to features of traditional society
dependency theory
underdevelopment due to "international structure"
only stronger power gains
Underdeveloped countries trying to negotiate better trade with industrialized
Economic arrangements more favorable to the South
The extension of very small loans to unemployed, poor entrepreneurs and others living in poverty who are not bankable.