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28 Cards in this Set

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What part of the plant absorbs water, stores surplus food and anchors the plant?
ROOTS
What type of stem contains wood and bark?
WOODY STEM
What organelle contains chlorophyll?
CHLOROPLASTS
Plants use sex cells and spores to do what?
REPRODUCE
Into what two groups are all plants divided?
VASCULAR and NONVASCULAR
What type of plant moves materials from one part of the plant to another by diffusion and osmosis?
NONVASCULAR PLANTS
What type of plant moves materials from one part of the plant by diffusion, osmosis, and vascular tissue?
VASCULAR PLANTS
What species of plants must live in wet places because they lack a vascular system?
MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS
What is made of a young plant, stored food, and a seed coat?
SEED
When a seed begins to grow it...
GERMINATES
What type of seed plant reproduces with flowers and fruits?
ANGIOSPERMS
What is needed for photosynthesis?
SUNLIGHT, CARBON DIOXIDE, and WATER
When do other pigments besides chlorophyll become visible in plants?
WHEN CHLOROPHYLL BREAKS DOWN
Sun provides the energy that plants use during______
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
What is in pollen grains?


hint: they are the male cells for reproduction
SPERM CELLS
Fertilization in plants begins after this takes place.
POLLINATION
What is the function of the stomata in plants?
THEY LET CARBON DIOXIDE ENTER THE LEAF AND OXYGEN LEAVE THE LEAF
Plants respond to light, gravity, and the change of season because they are all...
STIMULUS
What helps reduce water loss in trees by transpiration?

hint: this happens in the fall or before the dry season
TREES LOOSE THEIR LEAVES
When is a seed dormant?
WHEN IT IS FULLY DEVELOPED
What is asexual reproduction?
THE cREATION OF NEW PLANTS FROM STEM CUTTINGS OF THE SAME PARENT PLANT (THERE IS ONLY ONE PARENT)
What is cellular respiration?
THE PROCESS THAT CONVERTS ENERGY STORED IN FOOD INTO A FORM OF ENERGY THAT CELLS CAN USE.
The ovule produces this for the plant.
SEED
Oxygen is a by product of what process?
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
What attracts pollinators to a flower?
PETALS
What part of the flower develops into a fruit?
OVARY
What color is chlorophyll?
GREEN
What part of the plant captures light energy from the sun to make food?
LEAF