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63 Cards in this Set

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Fruit formed from the wall of one ovary
simple fruit
fruit formed from aggregation of several ovaries all in the same flower
aggregate fruit
fruit formed from coalescence of ovaries from several flowers
multiple fruit
fruit wall incorporates non-ovarian tissues
accessory fruit
A dry fruit that opens to release seeds
capsule
dry, one-seeded fruit that does not open
achene
like an achene, but the fruit wall is thick and hard
nut
fleshy fruit w/a wall of more-or-less uniform texture beneath a thin skin
berry
fleshy, one seeded fruit w/ a stony inner wall
drupe
like an achene, but the seed-coat is fused w/ the wall of the fruit. Poaceae only
caryopsis
a capsule that opens along two sides. Fabaceae only
legume
like a berry, but the outer fruit wall is leathery, forming a rind. Cucurbitaceae only
Pepo
like a berry, but the seeds embedded among fleshy juice-sacs. Citrus (Rutaceae) and close relatives only
hesperidium
an accessory fruit in which the fleshy tissue of a flower-cup (hypanthium) makes of most of the fruit wall. Some spp of Rosaceae only
Pome
Accessory fruit composed of fleshy stem tissue surrounding achenes produced by many flowers. Ficus (Moraceae) only
Syconium
seed leaf
carpel
several simple separate pistils. ea. pistil will become a fruit
apocarpous flower
compound pistil of 2+ united carpels
syncarpous flower
ovules radiating from center
axile placentation
ovules around an outer wall. seeds radiating inwards
parietal placentation
floral cup, accessory tissue
hypanthium
characteristic of Rosaceae family. Hypanthium and simple pistil.
perigynous flower
modified leaf to be small
bract
pistolate flower surrounds by small bracts
involucre
a short squat plant cell that performs a strengthening function. It occurs in large numbers in fruits such as the quince and the pear
stone cell
soft plant tissue made up of thin-walled cells that forms the greater part of leaves, stem pith, roots, and fruit pulp
parenchyma
strengthening or supporting walls of plant tissue made up of long cells
sclerenchyma
a carpel or group of fused carpels forming the female reproductive part of a flower and including the ovary, style, and stigma
pistil
a female reproductive organ in a flower, enclosing the fertilized ovules that are developing into seeds. It consists of the stigma and usually a style
carpel
pecan
Carya illinoinensis
walnut
Juglans regia
raspberry
Rubus idaeus
strawberry
Fragaria ananassa
peach
Prunus persica
apple
Malus domestica
pear
Pyrus communis
grape
Vitis vinifera
pistacio
Pistacia vera
blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum
Olive
Olea europaea
avocado
Persea americana
squash, zucchini, pumpkins
Cucurbita pepo
cucumber
Cucumis sativus
melon, canteloupe
Cucumis melo
fig
Ficus carica (parthenocarpic)
*Mulberry family
cashew
Acacardium occidentale
sweet orange nomnom
Citrus sinensis
lemon
Citrus limon
Brazil nut
Bertholletia excelsa
tomato
Solanum esculentum
*Nightshade Family!
capsicum pepper, bell pepper
Capsicum annuum
*Nightshade
Spicy molecule of spiciness?
capsaicin
coconut
Cocos nucifera
date
Phoenix dactylifera
pineapple
Ananas comosus
banana
Musa paradisiaca
tomato
Solanum esculentum
*Nightshade Family!
capsicum pepper, bell pepper
Capsicum annuum
*Nightshade
Spicy molecule of spiciness?
capsaicin
coconut
Cocos nucifera
date
Phoenix dactylifera
pineapple
Ananas comosus
banana
Musa paradisiaca