Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chlorophyll
Green chemical found in plant cells that allows plants to make their own food.
vacuole
Storage space found in plant and animal cells.
chloroplast
Part of plant cell that contains chlorophyll.
nucleus
Cell control center that directs everything a cell does.
cell membrane
Part around the cell that holds the cell together.
cell wall
Rigid structure surrounding the plant cell. (Not found in the animal cell.)
vascular
Composed of or containing vessels (or tubes) like veins in plants such as trees and flowering plants.
nonvascular
Plants that don't have vessels or tubes -such as mosses and other simple plants.
vascular and nonvascular
The two groups that all plants fall into.
fungi (plural of fungus)
One celled or many celled that absorbs (takes in) food from decaying dead organisms and wastes in its environment. Doesn't make its own food.
bacteria
Tiniest living single celled thing. Doesn't have a nucleus and must be seen with a microscope.
protists
Usually lives in water but some live on land. Some are single cells but not all. Dark, dense stucture seen inside the cell is the nucleus.
xylem
Tissue that water and minerals flow up through in a plant.
root hairs
Threadlike parts of cells on the surface of a root that bring in water and minerals from the soil.
taproots
One large root with a few hairy branching roots. Like a carrot or beet.
fibrous roots
Made up of only thin hairy branching roots. Like grass.
transpiration
When water evaporates from the leaves, and more water moves up through the plant to replace lost water.
photosynthesis
The food-making process of the plant. Sunlight strikes the leaf-((Chloroplasts in plants act like tiny chemical factories) Water and carbon dioxide from the air combine to make sugar and oxygen.