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29 Cards in this Set

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Vascular Tissue
The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures.
Vascular Plant
A plant that has vascular tissue.
Embryo
The young plant that develops from a zygote.
Stomata
The small opening on the underside of leaves through which carbon dioxide enters a leaf and oxygen exits.
Gymnosperm
A plant that produces naked seeds, needle-like or scale-like leaves, and has a deep root system.
Fertilization
The joining of a sperm cell and egg cell.
Phloem
The vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants.
Cotyledon
A seed leaf that stores food.
Transpiration
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves.
Cone
The reproductive structure of a gymnosperm.
Dicot
An angiosperm that has 2 seed leaves.
Stamen
The male parts of a flower.
Cuticle
The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of some plants.
Gamete
A sperm cell or an egg cell.
Non-vascular plant
A low growing plant that lacks vascular tissue.
Xylem
The vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants.
Cambium
The layer of cells in a plant that produces new phloem and xylem cells.
Pollination
The transfer of pollen from stamen to pistil.
Tropism
The growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus.
Flower
The reproductive structure of an angiosperm.
Auxin
A plant hormone that speeds up the rate at which plant cells grow.
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism.
Seed
The plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering.
Germination
The early growth stage of the embryo plant in a seed.
Root Cap
A structure that covers the tip of the root, protecting the root from injury.
Angiosperm
A plant that produces seeds and fruit.
Monocot
An angiosperm that has one seed leaf.
Pistil
The female parts of a flower.
Photosynthesis
The process by which some plants capture light energy and use it to produce food from carbon dioxide and water.