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16 Cards in this Set

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the colorful parts of flowers that surround and protect the parts of the flower that make seeds; the part that attracts butterflies, bees, and other living things
petal
Part of the plant that grows downward. These hold the plant in place and absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
Roots
process by which energy is released so that plant cells can do their work
respiration
a seed that has one seed leaf and stored food outside the seed leaf
monocot seed
transfer of pollen from the stamen - and sperm- from one flower to the ovary on the pistil of another flower of the same kind
pollination
a seed with two seed leaves containing stored food
dicot seed
plants that make seeds inside cones
(example: pine trees and fir trees)
conifers
process by which water travels through a plant, carrying nutrients and food, and losing some water through tiny openings in the underneath of it's leaves
transpiration
process by which green plants make their own food, using water, sunlight and carbon dioxide
photosynthesis
green substance in plant cells that traps energy from sunlight to make food
chlorophyll
tiny part of the seed that can grow into a new plant
embryo
sprouting of a new plant from a seed
germination
plants that make seeds by "flowering" or seed casings
broadleaf
part of a new plant that grows upward; growing leaves
shoot
gas needed by all living things, including plants; a gas that plants also give off as waste, benefiting humans
oxygen
part of the seed that covers and protects the seed
seed coat