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37 Cards in this Set

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Deciduous Azaleas

Deciduous Azaleas

Deciduous Shrub


Average height <5'


Light: sun to part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts.


Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Can also be renovated like a Cane Grower.

Elderberry

Elderberry

Deciduous Shrub


Average height <10' to >15'


Light: sun to part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Can remove up to 1/3 total leaf surface in one year. Can also be pruned as a Cane Grower. Sometimes coppiced.

Enkianthus

Enkianthus

Deciduous Shrub


Average height <10' to >12'


Light: sun to part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Do not remove upright shoots.

Huckleberries

Huckleberries

Deciduous or Evergreen Shrub


Average height <4' to <6'


Light: sun to shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Do not remove upright shoots.

Kalmia

Kalmia (Mountain Laurel)

Evergreen Shrub


Average height <6'


Light: part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Prune lightly or deadwood only.

Lilac

Lilac

Deciduous shrub


Average height >8'


Light: sun to part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Also can be pruned as a Cane Grower. Removing Ground suckers is futile.

Manzanita

Manzanita

Evergreen shrub


Average height <4' to <5'


Light: sun




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/16 total leaf surface in one year. Deadwood for air circulation to avoid diseases.

Pieris (Andromeda)

Pieris (Andromeda)

Evergreen shrub


Average height <8'


Light: part shade to sun




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/3 total leaf surface in one year. Radical renovation acceptable. Can be arborized into a small tree to highlight the nice branch structure.

Rhodendrons

Rhodendron spp.

Evergreen shrub


Average height <6' to <10'


Light: part sun to part shade




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Size reduction difficult. Cut out deadwood. Very mature Rhodendron shrubs can be limbed-up to 1/3 height as needed. General thinning no more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Many can be radically renovated.

Spindletree

Spindletree

Deciduous shrub


Average height <8' to <10'


Light: part sun to full sun




Habit: Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year.

Leatherleaf Viburnum

Leatherleaf Viburnum

Evergreen Shrub


Average height <12' to <15'


Light: sun to shade




Habit: Large Tree-Likes, Thin-out, many small cuts. Never remove more than 1/8 total leaf surface in one year. Can be radically renovated. Watersprouts easily. Shape and prune lightly.

Double-file Viburnum

Double-file Viburnum

Broadleaf Deciduous Shrub
Average height <6' to <10'
Light: sun to part shade

Habit: Tree-Like. Prune or thin lightly. No size reduction or width reduction. Cut only a few unruly branches / interfering branches.
Cherry

Cherry

Broadleaf Deciduous Flowering Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sun




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of 2" or less. No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.


Cotoneaster spp.
Cotoneaster spp.

Broadleaf Evergreen and Semi-Deciduous Shrub


Average height <2" to <20'


Light: sun Arching branches/red-orange berries.


Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! No heading cuts, Avoid size reduction. Thinning cuts as needed. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.

Crabapple
Crabapple

Broadleaf Deciduous Flowering Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sun




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of 2" or less. No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.

Dogwood
Dogwood

Broadleaf Deciduous Flowering Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sunto part shade




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of 1" or less. No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.

Hazelnut
Hazelnut

Broadleaf Deciduous Multi-stemmed Shrub


Average height <12'


Light: sun to part shade


Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of 1/2" or less. No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage. Volunteers easily by squirrels.

witchhazel
witchhazel

Broadleaf Deciduous Shrub


Average height <7'


Light: sun to part shade Distinct horizontal branch structure




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly!


No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage. Slight over-pruning may cause water sprouts and suckers.

Saucer Magnolia
Saucer Magnolia

Broadleaf Deciduous Flowering Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sun





Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune branches no greater than diameter of 2". No size or width reduction. Avoid taking off lower limbs. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.

Perotia (Ironwood)
Perotia (Ironwood)

Broadleaf Deciduous Shrub/Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sun to part shade Great Fall Color!




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of less than 1" No size or width reduction. Prune minimally/Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage.

Purple leaf Plum
Purple leaf Plum

Broadleaf Deciduous Flowering Tree


Average height <20'


Light: sun




Water sprouts easily, therefore thin lightly! Prune to the branch collar, prune only branches with diameter of 1" or less. No size or width reduction. Pruning budget 1/16 of the foliage. Has unruly branch structure -- Do not fix.

Camelia
Camelia

Evergreen Flowering Shrub or Tree


Average height <10' to <15'


Light: part shade or part sun




Takes heavy thinning or arborizing! Prune to the branch collar, hard to over-prune, can be espaliered, can be radically renovated. Poor transplant candidate.Pruning budget 1/3 of the foliage.

English Laurel
English Laurel

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub/Tree


Average height fast growing <20'


Light: full sun to part shade




Takes heavy thinning or arborizing! Commonly used as a sheared hedge. Hard to over-prune, can be radically renovated. Pruning budget 1/2 of the foliage.

Photinia
Photinia

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub/Tree


Average height fast growing <15'


Light: full sun to part shade




Takes heavy thinning or arborizing! Commonly used as a sheared hedge. Hard to over-prune, can be radically renovated. Pruning budget 1/3 of the foliage.

Pine
Pine

Evergreen Needled Tree or Shrub


Average height <3' to ,80' varies by species


Light: sun




Remove deadwood first. Takes heavy thinning or arborizing! Prune up to 1/3 of the foliage. Size reduction is possible but may disfigure tree's natural shape. May thin to enhance branch structure.

Strawberry Bush
Strawberry Bush

Evergreen Broadleaf Shrub/Tree


Average height <10'


Light: sun Often grown for the fall fruit




Looks great unpruned, or thin out to expose great branch structure. Can be arborized by removing up to 1/2 of the lower branches.

Golden Thread Cypress
Golden Thread Cypress

Evergreen Needled Shrub


Average height <7'


Light: sun Interesting thread like foliage.




Thoroughly deadwood first. Light thinning can highlight branch structures. Good to arborize. New growth does NOT sprout from barren branches. Pruning budget 1/4 of foliage.

Pyracantha
Pyracantha

Very thorny Evergreen Shrub


Average height <8'


Light: sun




Can be hedged, thinned, arborized, and espaliered. Can be kept smaller by grab and snip pruning. Can be renovated. Pruning budget 1/4 of the foliage annually.

Yew
Yew

Evergreen Needled Shrub/Tree


Average height: <1' to ,20' Size Varies by species


Light: Sun to part Shade




Can be headed, sheared, thinned, grab and snipped or radically renovated. Perfect for topiary. Pruning budget up to 1/2 of the foliage. Will regrow from bare wood. Slow growing.

Privet
Privet

Deciduous Broadleaf Shrub/Tree


Average height <5'


Light: sun




Commonly used as a sheared hedge. Can make a nice tree-like shrub. Can be headed, thinned or radically renovated. Pruning budget 1/4 of the foliage.

Cedar
Cedar tree spp.

Evergreen Needled Tree


Average height <60' to <100'


Light: sun




Remove deadwood first. Remove lower limbs as needed. Do not top.

Fir
Fir tree spp.

Evergreen Needled Tree


Average height <80' to <125'


Light: sun




Remove deadwood first. Remove lower limbs as needed. Cut branch collars flush to trunk. Never top fir trees.

Juniper
Hollywood Juniper

Evergreen Needled Tree


Average height <10 to <15'


Light: sun




Remove deadwood first. May thin to enhance branch structure. Prune up to 1/4 of the foliage. Can be espaliered. Reduction cut to natural looking side branches.

Arborvatae
Arborvatae; Pyramidalis
Evergreen Needled Shrub/Tree
Average height <5' to <25'
Light: sun

Commonly used as a landscape border/fence or property line. DO NOT SHEER, rarely needs pruning except those branches that are damaged. Cleaning out dead needles and accumulated dead foliage improves any bald spots. Branches pulled out by storms (snow/ice) may be tied back in place. Moniter any ties to prevent girdling.
Bird Nest Spruce

Bird Nest Spruce

Evergreen Needled Shrub


Average height <2' <3'


Light: sun




Never expose barren wood, don't sheer, size control difficult. Grab and snip lowest limbs to accomodate restricted areas. Remove accumulated dead needed. Remove tree leaves in fall or needles may die.

Juniper, Pfitzer

Juniper, Pfitzer

Evergreen Needled Shrub


Average height <4'


Light: sun




Don't sheer, remove dead wood, never expose barren wood. Grab and snip limbs by hiding cuts into shrub. Maintain wave like form. Malpruned shrubs repaired by extensive meticulous deadwooding.

Juniper, Tam

Juniper, Tam

Evergreen Needled Shrub


Avgerage Height 1' x <3' (low and wide)


Light: sun




Don't sheer, remove dead wood, never expose barren wood. Size reduction difficult. Minor width reduction by undercutting lowest brances.