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45 Cards in this Set

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Acute
Sudden onset
Aerobe
An organism that lives in a oxygen environment
Ambulatory
Able to walk
Anaerobe
An organism that lives in a oxygen-free environment
Anaplasia
The irregular structural charicteristics of a cell that identify it as a malignant cancer cell
Anomaly
An abnormal occurrence, especially in reference to birth defects
Antibiotic
A chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
Antibody
A protein produced by the body as a part of its defense against foreign bacteria or blood cells
Antiseptic
The prevention of sepsis by excluding or destoying microorganisms
Asepsis
A substance that kills or prohibits the growth of microorganisms
Atrophy
Wasting away or decrease in size of a cell, tissue, organ, or part of the body caused by lack of nourishment, inactivity, or loss of nerve supply
Autoimmunity
A Situation in which the body produces an immune responce against its own organs or tissues, causing severe inflammation and chronic conditions
Bacteria
Microoganisms capable or reproduction; some strains cause (and some are beneficial)
Benign
Referring to a tumor, or abnormal growth, that is not cancerous and does not invade nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body
Chronic
Slow developing, recurring
Degenerative
Charicterized by diminishing capabilities
Diagnosis
The identification of disease or trauma
Disease
An impairment of health that interferes with the body's ability to function normally
Endemic
A Disease that exists in a location or group of people all the time
Epidemic
A sudden outbreak of disease in numbers much higher than normal
Etiology
The study of the cause and origin of disease
Exacerbation
A marked increase in symptoms or severity of disease
Fungus
A mold, yeast, or mushrooms; some fungi are beneficial; some, such as ring worm and athlete's foot, are not
Hereditary
Genetically passed from parent to child
Hyperplasia
An increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue
Idiopathic
Of unknown origin
Infection
A protective response from the body in response to infection or injury, characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain
Local
affecting only one part
Malignant
cancerous; a growth with tendency to invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body
Morbid
Disease or sick
Morbidity
Any departure, subjective, or objective, from a state of physiological or phychological well-being
Neoplasm
An abnormal growth of tissue that may be benign or malignant
Pandemic
An epidemic that effects an expanded demographic area
Pathogensis
The origin and developmentof disease
Pathology
Study of disease
Pathophysiology
The study of howdisease and/or trauma alters the normal functioning of the body
Signs
The evidence of diseases as perceived by a doctor
Sterilize
To destroy bacteria and other microorganisms
Symptoms
The subject evidence of disease as perceived by the patient
Syndrome
A group of signs or symptoms characteristic of a particular disease or abnormal condition
Systemic
Affecting the whole body
Trauma
A Physical injury or caused by an external force of violence, which may cause death or permanent disability. Trauma is also to discribe severe emotional or psychological shock or distress
Virulence
The ability of an organism to cause disease
Virus
An intracellular parasite that causes disease
Anterior (Ventral)
oward the front; in front of