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403 Cards in this Set

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Caesar-ris
Caesar
3rd declension proper name, masc
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
to encourage, exhort
1st conjugation deponent verb
vereor, vereri, veritus sum
to fear
2nd conjugation deponent verb
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
to follow
3rd conjugation deponent verb
patior, pati passus sum
to suffer, allow
3rd conjugation (-io) deponent verb
orior, oriri, ortus sum
to arise
4th conjugation deponent verb
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
to speak, say
3rd conjugation deponent verb
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
to go out
3rd conj. deponent
aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum
to walk toward, approach, attack
3rd conj. deponent
cum (conj)
when
introduces "cum circumstantial" clause (verb in subjunctive, tense by sequence)
cohortor, cohortari, cohortatus sum
to exhort, urge
1st conj. deponent
progredior, progredi, progressus sum
to walk forward, progress, advance
3rd conj. deponent
dubius, a, um
doubtful
uncertain
nihil (nil)
nothing
(indecl. noun)
nihil (adv)
not
not at all
sub (w. abl. or accus)
with abl: under, at the foot of (implies rest)
with accus: to under (implies motion)
preposition
sub (w. acc.)
below
under
qui, quae, quod (relative pronoun)
who which what
committo, committere, commisi, commissus
to commit
to start
3, trans.
proelium committo
to commit to battle
to start battle
angustiae
defile
a narrow place
difficulties
inquit
he says
he said
only used with direct quotes; comes after the first few words ion the quote
peccatum, i
mistake
sin
2nd decl neuter
ante (prep.)
before
in front of
extremus, a , um
outermost
farthest
last
superior, superius
higher
previous
former
summus, a, um
highest
greatest
very great
ulterior, ulterius
farther
ultimus, a, um
last
outermost
medius, a, um
middle
eo, ire, ivi, itum
to go
irreg verb: PRES: eo, is, it, imus, istis, eunt; IMP: ibam... FUT: ibo... PRES Subj: eam, eas... IMP Subj: irem, ires...
certus, a, um
certain
sure
certiorem facio
literally: to make (someone) more certain
therefore: TO INFORM
usually takes
de + ablative
Caesarem certiorem de bello fecit. (He informed Caesar about the war.)
quam (adv.)
than
used with comparatives (but not used when there is an ablative of comparison)
apud
among
in the presence of
exeo, exire, exii(ivi), exitus
to go from, leave
ex + irregular verb "eo"
transeo, transire, transii(ivi), transitus
to go across, cross
trans + irreg verb "eo"
ineo, inire, inii(ivi), initus
to go into
to enter
in + irreg. verb "eo"
adeo, adire, adii(ivi), aditum
to visit
to approach
to go toward
ad + irreg verb "eo"
hora, ae
hour
1st decl. feminine
dies, -iei
day
5th decl. can be masc or feminine
mille, milis
thousand
number, noun, often used with genitive of quantity: a thousand (of) soldiers:mille militum.
milia, miliorum
mile
Used as short for "milia passuum" (a thousand (of) steps). English "mile" comes from here.
decem
ten
undeclinable adjective
quattuor
four
number, undeclinable adjective
pes, pedis
foot
3rd dec, f
passus, us
step, pace (a pace was 5 Roman feet)
4th dec, m
mille passuum
a mile (a mile was 5000 Roman feet)
mille (thousand) and passuum (gen plural of passus)
literally: a thousand of paces
diu, adv.
a long time
long (of time)
parum (adv)
little
too little
parum (indecl. noun; w. genative)
too little
not enough
satis (adv)
sufficiently
satis (indecl. noun w. gen.)
enough
tuto (adv)
safely
multum (adv)
many
facile adv.
easily
ullus, a, um
any
nullus, a, um
no
none
solus, a, um
alone
only (as an adjective)
totus,a, um
whole
all of
the whole of
unus, a, um
one
crux, crucis
cross
3rd feminine
classis, classis
(abl. e or i)
fleet
3rd feminine
cohors, cohortis
cohort
3rd masculine
consul, consulis
consul
3rd masculine
auctoritas, auctoritatis
authority
influence
3rd feminine
libertas, libertatis
liberty
3rd feminine
timor, timoris
fear
3rd masculine
barbarus, a, um
barbarian
foreign
firmus, a, um
strong
vigorous
plurimus, a, um
very many
the greatest number
(pl.) the most
idoneus, a, um
with dat. or ad with acc.
suitable
proper
convenient
proximus, a, um
with dat.
nearest
next
paco, pacare, pacavi, pacatus
pacify
1st conj.
incolo, incolere, incolui
inhabit
dwell in
3rd conj.
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take
capture
3rd conj.
jacio, jacere, jeci, jactus
throw
hurl
3rd conj.
-ne
added to emphatic word (usually verb) and put first in sentence
particle used in asking questions
num
word used in asking questions when answer "no" is expected
nonne
word used in asking questions when aswer "yes" is expected, generally first in clause
Its "non" with the interrogatve particle "-ne" attached
quis, quid
who
what
Interrogative pronooun
ubi
where
Interrogative adverb
cur
why
Interrogative adverb
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductus
lead back
draw back
3rd conj.
rejicio, rejicere, rejeci, rejectus
hurl back
drive back
repel
3rd conj.
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissus
send back
return
release
3rd conj.
repello, repellere, reppuli, repulsus
beat back
drive back
3rd conj.
reprimo, reprimere, repressi, repressus
press back
check
restrain
3rd conj.
vivo, vivere, vixi, victurus
live
3rd conj.
praesidium, i
garrison
protection
2nd neuter
pilum, i
javelin
2nd neuter
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
ask
request
1st conj.
quot
(indecl. adj.)
how many
quantus, a, um
how large
how great
quo
whither
where (of motion)
Interrogative adverb
scio, scire, scivi, scitus
know
4th conj.
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
seek
ask
3rd conj.
dolor, doloris
pain
sorrow
3rd decl. masc.
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus
open
uncover
expose
4th conj.
ego, mei
I (pl. we)
1st person personal pronoun
ego, mei, mihi, me , me
nos, nostrum (nostri) nobis, nos, nobis
tu, tui
you
2nd person personal pronoun
tu, tui, tibi, te, te
vos, vestrum (vestri) vobis, vos, vobis
meus, a, um
my
mine
noster, nostra, nostrum
our
ours
our own
tuus, a, um
your (of one person)
yours
your own
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (of more than one person)
yours
your own
is, ea, id
he (pl. they)
she
it
3rd person personal pronoun
sui
himself (him)
herself (her)
itself (it)
themselves (them)
3rd person relexive pronoun:
--, sui, sibi, se, se

Refers to the subject of the main clause
suus, a, um
his (own)
her (own)
its (own)
their (own)
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
take back
3rd conj.
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
(with a reflexive pronoun)
withdraw
recover
3rd conj.
dedo, dedere, dedidi, deditus
(always with object)
give up
devote
surrender
3rd conj.
abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditus
(always with object)
hide
conceal
3rd conj.
dejicio, dejicere, dejeci, dejectus
hurl down
cast down
3rd conj.
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
bring together
collect
force
3rd conj.
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
leave
leave behind
3rd conj.
divido, dividere, divisi, divisus
divide
separate
3rd conj.
fuga, ae
flight
1st feminine
in fugam do, dare, dedi, datus
put to flight
1st conj.
ex (e)
(prep. with abl.)
out of
from
de
(prep. with abl.)
down from
out of
from
concerning (about)
ab (a)
(prep. with abl.)
by (agent)
away from
from
hic, haec, hoc
this (pl. these)
is, ea, id
that (pl. those)
he, she, it, they, etc.
ille, illa, illud
that (pl. those)
he, she, it, they, etc.
causa, ae
cause
reason
1st feminine
causa
(preceded by gen.)
for the sake (of)
It is the ablative singhulae or "causa, causae"
ratio, rationis
method
reason
plan
way
3rd feminine
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus
love
3rd conj.
contra
(prep. with acc.)
against
opposite
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
kill
3rd conj.
adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductus
lead to
induce
influence
3rd conj.
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus
observe
perceive
3rd conj.
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus
accomplish
finish
exhaust
3rd conj.
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
receive
take
3rd conj.
facilius
(comparative adv.)
more easily
ut
that
in order that (in purpose clauses)
Purpose clauses take the subjunctive, tense by sequence (but the dependent verb will always be "same time or after" and so in present or imperfect subjunctive.)
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus
put in command of
(with accus or person and dat. of thing of which)
3rd conj.
Example:
Caesar legatum legioni praefecit. Caesar put the legate in charge of the legion.
objicio, objicere, objeci, objectus
throw in the way, place in front
3rd conjugation
transitve
conjicio, conjicere, conjeci, conjectus
hurl, throw, cast
3rd conjugation
transitve
supersum, superesse, superfui
am over, remain, survive
irregular
intransitive
with dative
triduum, i
(a period of) three days
2nd declension neuter
deditio, deditionis
surrender, capitulation
3rd declension
projicio, projicere, projeci, projectus
throw forward, cast
3rd conjugation
transitve
eo
thither, to that place, there
adverb
posco, poscere, poposci
ask, demand
-ab with ablative of person, accusative of thing
-3rd conjugation
-transitive
perterreo
terrify greatly, frighten thoroughly
2nd conjugation
transitive
perfuga, ae
deserter, refugee
1st declension
ut primum
as soon as
conjunction
cum primum
as soon as
conjunction
postquam
after
conjunction
ubi
where, when
conjunction
volo, velle, volui
am willing, wish
-transitive
-with present infinitive
-accusitive with present infinitive
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus
take away, save from
-3rd conjugation
-with dative of person or thingform which
-ab or ex with ablative
vires, virium
strength, force
feminine
majores, majorum
ancestors, forefathers
masculine

tempus, temporis
time
3rd declension
neuter
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus
take, assume
3rd conjugation
transitive
tot
so many
indeclinable
adjective
ventus, i
wind
2nd declension
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsus
drive out
3rd conjugation
transitive
hiems, hiemis
winter
3rd declension
natio, nationes
tribe, people
3rd declension
regio, regiones
quarter, region, territory
3rd declension
subitus, a, um
sudden, unexpected
adjective
oceanus, i
the ocean
2nd declension
praefectus, i
commander, officer, captain
2nd declension
complures, complura
several, many
amplus, a, um
large, splendid, magnificent
adjective
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus
build, construct
1st conjugation
transitive
adjungo, adjungere, adjunxi, adjunctus
join to, add, unite
3rd conjugation
transitive
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus
summon, send for, invite
3rd conjugation
transitve
consuevi, consuetus
have accustomed, have become accustomed, am accustomed
-3rd conjugation
-transitive and intransitive; with present infinitive
confido, confidere, confisus sum
trust, hope, rely on
3rd conjugation
intransitive; with ablative
deponent verb
difficultas, difficultatis
difficulty, trouble
3rd declension
initium, i
beginning
2nd declension
idem, eadem, idem
same
used as adjective or pronoun
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatus
sail, navigate
1st conjugation
intransitve
navis, navis
ship
3rd declension
ablative: navi or nave
ora(ae) maritima(ae)
seacoast
1st declension
permaneo, permanere, permansi, permansum
remain, stay, persist, continue
2nd conjugation
intransitive
sententia, ae
opinion, vote, sentence
1st declension
usus, us
use, experience, skill
4th declension
supra
above
-adverb
-preposition with accusative
licet, licere, licuit
it is lawful, it is allowed
-2nd conjugation
-intransitve; with dative of person and present infinitive; accusative with infinitive
res(rerum) novae(novarum)
revolution
5th declension
condicio, condicionis
condition, state, agreement
(plural: terms)
3rd declension
odi, odisse
hate
-transitive
-perfect tense with present meaning
distribuo, distrebuere, distrbui, distributus
assign, distribute
3rd conjugation
transitive
fio, fieri, factus sum
am made, am done, become
-passive of facio
-irregular
-intransitive
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus
with ut: order, command
-1st conjugation
-transitive
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus
with ut: command
-1st conjugation
-transitive
efficio, efficere, effeci, efectus
bring about, cause
-3rd conjugation
-transitive
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum
persuade
-2nd conjugation
-intransitve; with dative
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
show, reveal, tell, point out
-3rd conjugation
-transitive; accusative with infinitive
officium, i
service, allegiance, duty
2nd declension neuter
manus, us
hand, troop, band
-feminine
-4th declension
celeritas, celeritatis
speed, swiftness
3rd declension
tempestas, tempestatis
strom, weather
3rd declension
altitudo, altitudinis
depth, height
3rd declension
adjicio, adjicere, adjeci, adjectus
throw to, throw up, hurl
-3rd conjugation
-transitive
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum
come to, approach, is added
(accedit: there is added)
-3rd conjugation
-transitive
-accedit: used impersonally
saevio, saevire, saevi, saevitus
rage, am fierce
-4th conjugation
-intransitve
vadum, i
ford shallow
2nd declension neuter
consisto, consistere, constiti
take a postion, halt, remain, from(of soldiers), ride ant anchor(of ships)
-3rd conjugation
-intransitve
frustra
in vain, profit, reward
-adverb
genus, generis
race, tribe, kind
-third declension
ornatus, a, um
equipped, fitted out
-adjective
adversus, a, um
opposite, unfavorable, unsuccessful
-adjective
-with dative
vel
(vel....vel)
or
(either....or)
-conjunction
singuli, ae, a
one at a time, each
constat
it is agreed, it is certain, it is evident, it is known
-used impersonally
-accusative with infinitive
pugna, ae
fight, battle
-1st declension
Utor, uti, usus sum
use, employ, exercise
3rd conjugation intransitivr; used in the ablative
nemo, neminis
no one
used as an adjective; (nullus, nullo, and nulla usually used in place of neminis and nemine
caritas, caritatis
charity, love
3rd declension
talis, e
such, of such a kind
tantus, a, um
so great
2, 1, 2 adjective
sic
thus, so, in such a manner
adverb
ita
so, thus, in such a manner
adverb
tam
so, to such a degree
adverb
tam...quam :both...and
adeo
so, to such a degree
adverb
annus, i
year
2nd declension
certamen, certaminis
struggle, contest
3rd declension
paulo
by a little, a little
abl. of degree of dufference.
Paulo antea: shortlly before
lateo, latere, latui
escape, notice, lurk, am hidden
2 conjugation intransitve
unde
whence, from where
adverb
propinquus, a, um
near, neighboring
2, 1, 2 adjective
mare, maris
sea
declined like the neuter of gravis
subito
suddenly
adverb
opportunus, a, um
fit, opportune, orable, advantagous
2, 1, 2 adjective
sol, solis
the sun
masculine, 3rd decension
solis occasus: sunset
occasus, us
falling down, setting
4th declension
solis occasus
sunset
aetas, aetatis
age
3rd declension
amitto, amitere, amisi, amissus
lose
3rd conjugation, transitive
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus
lift up, rake away. passive :am elated
3rd conjugation transitive
pauci, ae, a
few
adjective
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus
am lacking, an, absent, fail
irregular, intransitive
aestas, aestatis
summer
3rd declension
etsi
although
insula, ae
island
ist declension
incognitus, a, um
unknown
used with the dative
notus, a, um
known
2, 1, 2 adjective
magnitudo, magnitudinis
size, extent, greatness
multitudo, multitudinis
great number, multitude, common people
praemitto, praemittere, praemisi, praemissus
send ahead, send in advance
3rd conjugation transitive
imperatum, i
order command
2nd declension
domum
(to) home
una
along with, together
adverb
nactus, a, um
having obtained possesion of, having met with, having found, having obtained
perfect participle of nanciscor
litus, litoris
seashore, beach
neuter
minime
very little, by no means, not at all, least
adverb
ancora, ancorae
anchor
1st declension
at
but
subsequor, subsequi, subsectus sum
follow closely, follow up, follow on
3rd conjugation, transitive
perspicio, perspicere, perspexi, perperspicio
view, inspect, percieve, learn
3rd transitive, acc. with inf.
morior, mori, moortus sum
die
3rd intransitve
ob
on account of, because of
prep. with acc.
desilio, desilire, desilui, desultum
leap down
4th intransitive
studium, i
zeal, eagerness, desire, devotion
2nd n. declension
decimus, a, um
tenth
aquila, ae
eagle, standard
universi, ae, a
all together, all
adorior, adoriri, adortus sum
rise against, assail, attack
4th transitive
subsidium, i
reverse, help, aid
simul atque
as soon as
`
cursus, us
running, course, career, passage
4th declension
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus
bring from, bring down
irregular
accidit, accidere, accidit
it happens
3 intr. w. dative of person
transporto, 1
transport, to carry across
transitive
reficio, reficere, refeci, refectus
refresh
3rd transtive
colloquor, colloqui, collocutus sum
converse, confer
3rd intransitive
produco, producere, produxi, productus
lead forth, protract
3rd trabsitive
rursus,
again
adverb
clam
secretly
adverb
discedo, discedere, discessi, disces sum
go away, retire, depart
3rd intransitive
libero, 1
free liberate
transitive
aedificium, i
building
2nd neuter declension
incolumis, e
unhurt, uninjured
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus
disregard, neglect
3rd transitive
ave
hail
interjection
miserere
have mercy
with dative or genitive
noli
am unwilling
quia
because
that when introducing a noun clause
quod
because
conj.
quoniam
because, for
that when introducing a noun clause in Vhristian Latin
cum
when, since
conj.
possum, posse, potui
can
constituo, constituere, constitui constitutus
decide
conor
try
1
coepi, coepisse, coeptussum
began
debeo
ought
2
jubeo
order
2
mando
entrust
1
paro
prepare
1
consequor, consequi, consecutus sum
accomplish
3
jungo jungere junxi junctus
unite
3
conjungo, conjungere conjunxi conjunctus
join together
3
permoveo permovere permovi permotus
incite
2
impero
levy
1
oportet oportere oportuit
it behooves
2
paratus, a, um
prepared for
profectio profectionis
departure
3
legatio, legationis
embassy
3
omnino
altogether
domo
from home
fluo fluere fluxi
flow
3
ripa ripae
bank of a river
1
inquiunt
they said
puto
think
1
nego
deny
1
exisitimo
think
1
demonstro
show
1
confirmo
stregnthen
1
respondeo respondere respondi responsus
answer
2
intellego intellegere intellexi intellectus
understand
3
dico dicere dixi dictus
say
3
quam
as...as possible
animadverto animadvertere animadverti animadversus
notice
3
sentio
feel
4
reperio
findout
4
arbitror
consider
1
nuntio
announce
1
polliceor
promise
2
credo credere credidi creditus
believe
2
dispono disponere disposui dispositus
distribute
3
conscribo conscribere conscripsi conscriptus
write
3
revertor reverti reversus sum
return
3
traduco traducere traduxi traductus
lead across
3
impedio
hinder
4
concendo conscendere conscendi conscensus
cut down
3
spatium spatii
space
2
profectio profectionis
departure
3
legatio, legationis
embassy
3
omnino
altogether
domo
from home
fluo fluere fluxi
flow
3
ripa ripae
bank of a river
1
inquiunt
they said
puto
think
1
nego
deny
1
exisitimo
think
1
demonstro
show
1
confirmo
stregnthen
1
respondeo respondere respondi responsus
answer
2
intellego intellegere intellexi intellectus
understand
3
dico dicere dixi dictus
say
3
interea
meanwhile
perduco perducere perduxi perductus
lead through
3
castellum, i
fort
2
mos moris
custom
3
si
if
munitio munitionis
fortification
3
circum
around
hiemo
winter
1
qua
where
inde
thence
extra
outside
jam
now
paene
almost
conspectus, us
sight
4
liberi liberorum
children
2
profectio profectionis
departure
3
legatio, legationis
embassy
3
omnino
altogether
domo
from home
fluo fluere fluxi
flow
3
ripa ripae
bank of a river
1
inquiunt
they said
puto
think
1
nego
deny
1
exisitimo
think
1
demonstro
show
1
confirmo
stregnthen
1
respondeo respondere respondi responsus
answer
2
intellego intellegere intellexi intellectus
understand
3
dico dicere dixi dictus
say
3
servitus servitutis
slavery
3
exprlorator exploratoris
scout
3
quartus, a, um
fourth
vero
in truth
vigilia, ae
watch
1
nondum
not yet
amplius
more
averto avertere averti aversus
turn away
3
fugitivus, i
run away slave
2
commuto
change
1
converto convertere converti conversus
turn around
3
a novissimo agmine
from the rear
insequor insequi insecutus sum
persue
3
triplex, triplicis
triple
3
veteranus, a, um
veteran
jugum, i
yoke
2
sarcina, ae
pack
1
succedo succedere successi successum
come up to
3
tandem
finally
defessus, a, um
exhausted
2-1-2
egredior
go out
3
potior
get possession of
4
veto
forbid
1
conjuro
conspire
1
commoveo commovere commovi commotus
alarm
2
circiter
about