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98 Cards in this Set

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Diatonic Half Steps
half steps which occur within the key of music, not the same letter name
Chromatic Half Steps
do not occur naturally within the scale, half step with the same letter name for both notes must be chromatic
Dom. 7
Major + minor
Maj. 7
Major + major
min. 7
minor + minor
half dim. 7
diminished + minor
dim. 7
diminished + diminished
Modulation
when a musical composition changes from the original key to another key, and remains in the new key for a reasonable amount of time
Fugue
Exposition:
Subject- first voice to enter
Answer
Countersubject
Episode
Baroque Suite Dances
Allemande
Courante or Corrente
Sarabande
Optional Dances
Gigue
Allemande
dance in moderate 4/4 time, German origin
Courante
French dance
Corrente
Italian dance in quick triple meter
Sarabande
Spanish origin, slow triple meter
Minuet
French dance, 3/4 meter
Bouree
French dance, duple meter w/ single upbeat
Gavotte
French dance
Polonaise
Polish dance
Anglaise
English origin
Loure
dance in moderate 6/4 time
Air
song rather than a dance
Gigue
Irish origin, compound meter
Sonata Allegro form
Exposition (Theme 1 Tonic, Theme 2 Dominant)

Development (motives based on themes 1 and 2 are developed in various ways)

Recaptulation (Theme 1 Tonic, Theme 2 Tonic)
A Tempo
return to original tempo
Accelerando
accelerate, gradually faster
Adagio
slowly
Allegro
fast or quick
Allegretto
slightly slower than Allegro, faster than Andante
Andante
moderate walking tempo
Andantino
slightly faster than Andante
Animato
animated, with spirit
Appoggiatura
see music
Atonality
no specific key or tonality
Bitonality
use of two different keys at same time
Cantabile
in a singing style
Con Brio
with vigor or spirit
Con Fuoco
with fire
Con moto
with motion
Dolce
sweetly
Doloroso
sadly, sorrowfully
Enharmonic
two different names for the same pitch (C sharp, D flat)
Espressivo
Expressively
Forte-piano
loud immediately followed by soft
Giocoso
Merrily, with humor
Gracioso
gracefully
Largo
very slowly
Leggiero
lightly, delicately
Lento
slowly
m.d.
mano destra, use right hand
m.s.
mano sinistra, use left hand
Marcato
marked, stressed
Meno mosso
less motion
Moderato
moderate or medium tempo
Molto
very, much
Opus
used to indicate chronological order in which composer's work was written
Parallel major/minor
major and minor keys with the same name
Pesante
heavily
Piu
More
Poco
little
Presto
very fast
Rallentando
gradually slower
relative major and minor
major and minor keys with the same key signature
Ritardando
slow down gradually
Ritenuto
immediately slower
Robusto
robustly, boldly
Rubato
varying the rhythm of a phrase by slowing or rushing the tempo, making up the changed time elsewhere in the phrase
Scherzando
playfully, jokingly
Sempre
always
Senza
without
Smorzando
Dying away
Simile
continue in the same style
Sostenuto
sustained
Subito
suddenly
Tre Corde
release Una Corda pedal (soft pedal)
U.C.
Una Corda, press left pedal
Vivace
quick, lively
Vivo
brisk, lively
Fermata
hold note
Baroque characteristics
Polyphonic Texture
Use of Ornamentation
Improvisation
Figured Bass
Dance Suites
Terraced Dynamics
Baroque composers
Hadyn
Handel
Scarlatti
Classical characteristics
Homophonic Texture
Obvious cadence points
Alberti Bass
Sonata and Sonatina forms
Classical composers
Mozart
Hadyn
Czerny
Romantic characteristics
Programme music
Harmonies more complicated
Lyric melodies
Rhythms more complicated
Romantic composers
Brahms
Schumann
Schubert
Impressionism characteristics
unclear tonalities
non-metric rhythms
Impressionism composers
Debussy
Ravel
Griffes
Contemporary characteristics
major and minor tonalities avoided
Quartal harmony
Bitonality
Polytonality
Atonality
Irregular, changing meters
Polyphonic texture
Contemporary composers
Bartok
Kabalevsky
Gershwin
Rondo
musical form that is multi-sectional with a recurring theme
Quartal harmony
harmony based on interval of the 4th
Rubato
varying rhythm by slowing or rushing tempo
Toccata
vituoso piece common during Baroque Period, written in free style
Sotto voce
in a low voice
Tenuto
stress the note
Simile
continue in same style
Stretto
refer to the overlapping of subjects and answers
Tertian harmony
Harmony made up of interval of 3rd
Fugue
style of composition in which 3 or more voices follow one another in imitative manner