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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. What does an accent over or under a note mean?
It means to play the note louder
2. What does pp mean?
pianissimo

A dynamic sign that means to play very soft
3. What is a half step?
The distance from any key to the very next key above or below it (black or white)

There is no key in between
4. How many notes are in a scale?

What are the two types of scales?
8 notes in a scale

Chromatic and Diatonic Scale
5. What is the chromatic scale?
A scale that is made up entirely of half steps.

It goes up and down, using every key, white or black
6. What is a whole step?
It is equal to two half steps and it is when one key (white or black) is skipped
7. What is a diatonic scale?
It is a scale that is made up of both half and whole steps
8. What are the two types of diatonic scales?
Major and Minor
9. What is a major scale?
It is made of two tetrachords joined by a whole step

It has 8 letters in it

Each scale begins and ends on a note of the same name as the scale called a key note
10. What is a tetrachord?
A series of four notes having the pattern:

whole, whole, half step
11. What is the pattern in a diatonic scale?
W,W,H,W,W,W,H
12. When a scale is played ascending are flats or sharps used?

What about descending?
Sharps: ascending

Flats: descending
13. What is similar motion?
Both hands go in the same direction (ascending or descending)
14. What is contrary motion?
Both hands begin at the same position, but go out with contrary (opposite) motion and come back in with contrary (opposite) motion
15. What is an eight note?
Two notes that are played in the time of one quarter note

Eight notes are usually played in pairs
16. What is a triad?
A three-note chord that is in thirds
17. What are the three notes in a triad?
1. Root (or fundamental)

2. The third

3. The fifth
18. What is the root?
The note from which the triad gets its name

The root position is the bottom position
19. What is the C major scale?
The C major five finger pattern plus two added notes (A & B) and the C an octave higher
20. What are the primary and secondary chords?
Primary Chords: 1st, 4th, and 5th chord of any scale

Secondary Chords: all other chords
21. What is the C major chord?
C-E-G

*C is the root position
22. What is the G7 Chord?
Add a 7th to the chord and eliminate the 5th so three notes are still only played

B-F-G
23. What is the third called?
The characteristic because it tells us if the scale is major or minor
24. What does first position or inversion mean?
The fundamental is moved to an octave higher

G7 is first position or inversion
25. What does second position or inversion mean?
The third is moved an octave higher
26. What does third position or inversion mean?
The fifth or seventh is moved an octave higher
27. What is a lead sheet?
It is when the chords that are in the piece are written at the top of the music
28. What does fermata mean?
It means to hold the note longer than its value
29. What are primary chords?
The three most important chords

The primary chords of the C major scale are C, F, and G7
30. What is binary form?
Also called AB form

It is when a piece is divided into two sections, A and B
31. When does it mean when a piece is in the key of G major?
The piece is based on the G major scale

The key signature is F#
32. What is key signature?
The number of sharps or flats in any key, written at the beginning of each line

This eliminates the need of placing a sharp or flat sign in front of every note
33. What is a dotted quarter note?
The dot indicated the length of the note is increase by one half its value

A dotted quarter note is equal to a quarter note tied to an eight note
34. What is ternary form?
ABA Form

A piece that has three sections (A,B,A) overall
35. What is the G major chord?

What is the D7 chord?
G - B - D

#F - C - D
36. What are the primary chords of the G major?
The G, C, and D7 chords
37. What is the damper pedal?
The right pedal

When the pedal is held down, any tone played is continued even after the key has been release

The right foot is used on the damper pedal
38. What is the sign to show when the damper pedal should be used?
Damper Pedal Sign
39. What sign is used to indicate overlapping pedal?

What does this mean?
Sign



pedal comes up and immediately goes down
40. What are the sharps and/or flats in the following majors:
C, F, G, D, Bb
C: no flats or sharps
F: B flat (Bb)
G: #F
D: #F and #C
Bb: Bb and Eb
41. What are the primary chords of C major?
C : C - E - G

F: C - F - A

G7: B - F - G
42. What are the primary chords of G major?
G: G - B - D

C: G - C - E

D7: F# - C - D
43. Describe what happen in the first inversion or first position.
Put fundamental on top

Order: 3rd - 5th - root
44. Describe what happens in the second inversion or second position.
Order: 5th - root - 3rd

played an octave above
45. What are the sharps in the scales?
C: nothing
D: F# & C#
E: F#, G#, C#, & D#
F; Bb
G: F#
A: C#, E#, & F#
B: C# D#, F#, G#, & A#