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62 Cards in this Set

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omega-3 oil
oil in fish: one of a group of beneficial fats found in oily fish, seeds, and whole grains, deficiency of which can cause skin problems and hormonal imbalances
cardiac
heart-related
Hormone
chemical that transfers information and instructions between cells in animals and plants. Often described as the body’s chemical messengers, hormones regulate growth and development, control the function of various tissues, support reproductive functions, and regulate metabolism
metabolism
chemical reactions by which the cells of an organism transform energy, maintain their identity, and reproduce.
the ongoing interrelated series of chemical interactions taking place in living organisms that provide the energy and nutrients needed to sustain life
None
cardiovascular
relating to heart and blood vessels
vascular
of fluid-carrying vessels
pulmonary
relating to lungs
insulin
hormone regulating the glucose level in boold
glucose
sugar energy source
diabetes mellitus
metabolic disorder affecting blood sugar levels: a disorder in which there is no control of blood sugar, through inadequate insulin production (Type 1) or decreased cellular sensitivity to insulin (Type 2), causing kidney, eye, and nerve damage.Type 1 develops in childhood and requires lifelong injection of insulin, while Type 2 develops in middle age and can usually be controlled by diet and drugs.
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung: an inflammation of one or both lungs, usually caused by infection from a bacterium or virus or, less commonly, by a chemical or physical irritant
influenza
flu
alzheimer's disease
medical disorder causing dementia: a degenerative disorder that affects the brain and causes dementia, especially late in life
dementia
cognitive and intellectual deterioration: the usually progressive deterioration of intellectual functions such as memory that can occur while other brain functions such as those controlling movement and the senses are retained.
nephrosis
degenerative kidney disease: a disease that causes the kidneys to degenerate without inflaming them, especially one that affects the nephrons
kidney
waste-removing vertebrate organ: either of a pair of organs in the abdomen of vertebrates that filter waste liquid resulting from metabolism of the blood, which is subsequently excreted as urine
vertebrate
animal with a backbone: an animal with a segmented spinal column and a well-developed brain such as a mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, or fish
ischemia
lack of blood: an inadequate supply of blood to a part of the body, caused by partial or total blockage of an artery
None
angioplasty
surgery to clear blood vessels: a surgical operation to clear a narrowed or blocked artery
None
gorging
eat greedily
ensue
follow; result
magnesium
Mg, mei,
potassium
K
glyceride
ester of glycerol: an ester formed by the combination of glycerol with an acid. They occur widely in animal and vegetable fats and oils.
carbohydrate
energy component of diet: an organic compound derived from carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that is an important source of food and energy for humans and animals. Sugar, starch, and cellulose are carbohydrates.
saturated fat
fat from animal products: a kind of fat, often found in meat and other animal products, that cannot incorporate any additional hydrogen atoms.A diet heavy in saturated fat is thought to raise cholesterol in the bloodstream.
membrane
thin layer of tissue: a thin flexible sheet of tissue connecting, covering, lining, or separating various parts or organs in animal and plant bodies, or forming the external wall of a cell
cholesterol
"solid compound in blood: a steroid alcohol (sterol) found in animal tissue, bile, blood, eggs, and fats, high levels of which in the blood are linked to atherosclerosis, heart disease, and gallstones. Cholesterol is important to the body as a constituent of cell membranes, and is involved in the formation of bile acid and some hormones.
coronary
supplying or draining blood from heart: used to describe the arteries that supply blood to the muscle tissue of the heart, or the veins that take blood away from it
artery
type of blood vessel: a blood vessel that is part of the system carrying blood under pressure from the heart to the rest of the body
vein
"vessel carrying blood to heart: any of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. All carry oxygen-depleted blood, except the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs.any blood vessel: any of the vessels that carry blood around the body (not used technically)
progeny
offspring of organism: an offspring of a person, animal, or plant
susceptibility
likelihood of being affected: the likelihood of being affected by something
trait
"genetics inherited characteristic: a quality or characteristic that is genetically determined;individual characteristic: a particular characteristic or quality that distinguishes somebody
amino acid
constituent of protein: an organic acid containing one or more amino groups, especially any of a group that make up proteins and are important to living cells
enzyme
biological catalyst that speed up chemical reactions in the body; protein controlling biochemical reactions: a complex protein produced by living cells that promotes a specific biochemical reaction by acting as a catalyst
cytoskeleton
"supports and organzied cell compents and controls their movement; cell framework: the internal network of protein filaments and microtubules in an animal or plant cell that controls the cell’s shape and movement
constituent
"ingredient: one of the materials or elements that make up something
endocrine
endocrine system. relating to internal secretion: relating to glands that secrete hormones internally directly into the lymph or bloodstream.
gland
secreting cell mass, the host of endocrine system
hormones
1. Steroid hormones 2. Amino acid or polypeptide hormones
polypeptide
amino acid chain
steroid
organic compound: an organic fat-soluble compound \
pituitary gland
growth-influencing gland at base of brain:
lipolysis
breakdown of fats: the breakdown of fats into other compounds
hypothalamus
part of brain: a central area on the underside of the brain, controlling involuntary functions such as body temperature and the release of hormones
adrenal
on the kidney
medulla
innermost structure
glycogen
" easily converted store of energy: a white compound (polysaccharide) stored in the liver and muscles of humans and animals and easily converted to glucose as a source of energy.
adipose
containing fat
cortisol
hormone associated with inflammation: a steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal glands in response to tissue damage causing inflammation.
blunt
not sharp; make less shart
anabolism
metabolic process: a metabolic process in which energy is used to construct complex molecules from simpler ones in the synthesis of needed compounds and tissues.
testis
male reproductive gland:
ovary
female reproductive organ:
vasodilation
widening of blood vessels:
antioxidant
substance that inhibits oxidation:
osteoporosis
bone disease
menopause
end of menstruation: the time in a woman’s life when menstruation diminishes and ceases, usually between the ages of 45 and 50.
glucagon
hormone that raises the blood sugar level: a hormone produced by the pancreas that raises the blood sugar level by promoting the conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver
atherosclerosis
arterial disease: a common arterial disease in which raised areas of degeneration and cholesterol deposits (plaques) form on the inner surfaces of the arteries.
hypertension
high blood pressure: abnormally high blood pressure.