Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
damage to this area results in a loss of reflexes and muscle tone in areas contralateral to the damage
primary motor cortex (frontal)
damage to this area results in difficulties producing spoke and written language
premotor cortex (Broca's area)
damage to this area results in pseudodepression and psychopathy
prefrontal cortex
damage to this area results in difficulties with abstract thinking, planning, decision-making, and perseveration
prefrontal cortex
schizophrenia, ADHD, and normal age-related cognitive declines are linked to this area
prefrontal cortex
lesion in this area results in an inability to carry out a sequences of actions
left parietal lobe
lesion in this area results in an inability to carry out a simple action in response to a command
left parietal lobe
lesion in this area results in Gerstmann syndrome
left parietal lobe
lesion in this area results in contralateral neglect
right parietal lobe
damage to this area results in an inability to recognize familiar objects by touch
parietal lobe
damage to this area results in a failure to recognize parts of one's own body
parietal lobe
damage to this area results in an inability to recognize one's own neurological symptoms or other disorder
parietal lobe
damage here results in deficits in language comprehension and production
Wernicke's area (temporal lobe)
auditory agnosia and hallucinations result from damage to which area
temporal lobe
an inability to see more than one thing or aspect of an object at one time
left occipital lobe
defn - an inability to visually recognize objects
visual agnosia
defn - an inability to see more than one thing or aspect of an object at one time
simultagnosia
defn - an inability to recognize one's own neurological sx or disorder
anosognosia
defn - failure to recognize part's of one's own body
asomatognosia
defn - inability to recognize familiar objects by touch
tactile agnosia
defn - inability to carry out a sequence of actions
ideational apraxia
defn - inability to carry out a simple action in response to a command
ideomotor apraxia
stimulation of one modality triggers a sensation in another sensory modality
synathesia
inability to perform sequences of movements or voluntary movements
apraxia
lack of coordination while performing voluntary movements
ataxia
slurred speech, clumsiness, loss of balance, severe tremors
ataxia
brain structure associated with ataxia
cerebellum
apathy, lethargy, narrow interests, decreased emotional reactions, interest in sex and attention
pseudodepression
loss of social contact and empathy, impulsivity, sexual disinhibition and jocularity
pseudopsychopathy
NONE
NONE
Name the 3 cortexes in the frontal lobe
motor, premotor, and prefrontal
Name the cortex in the parietal lobe
somatosensory cortex
Name the cortex in the temporal lobe
auditory cortex
Name the cortex in the occipital lobe
visual cortex
NONE
NONE
contralateral hemiplegia, hemianethesia involving face, arm, and leg, and contralateral visual field loss are indicative of
cerebral stroke
a stroke involving the left hemisphere is likely to produce
aphasia and ideomotor apraxia
a stroke involving the right hemisphere is likely to produce
contralateral neglect and dressing apraxia
The following symptoms are indicative of which disorder:
depressed mood, apathy, antisocial tendencies, forgetfulness, figety, clumsy, slow writhing movements, rapid, jerky movements
Hungtington's disease
These symptoms are indicative of what disorder?
tremor at rest, rigid muscle tone, restlessness, postural problems, speech problems, slowed movement, and a masked facial expression
Parkinson's disease
This seizure involves a stage in which the muscles contract and the body stiffens, rhythmic shaking, and depression or confusion with amnesia for the event
grand-mal (tonic-clonic)
This seizure involves a brief attack without a loss of consciousness without prominent motor symptoms
petit-mal (absence)
This seizure involves one side of the brain and one side of the body and involves no loss of consciousness
simple partial seizure
this seizure involves one side of the brain and body, and has some alteration in consciousness
complex partial
general muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness, fatigue, and sleep disturbance
fibromyalgia
a history of head trauma that caused significant cerebral concussion involving a loss of conscioussness, post-traumatic amnesia, or post-traumatic seizures, disturbance in attention or memory, and 3 or more of the following: fatigue, disordered sleep, headache, vertigo, irritbaility/anger without provocation, anxiety, depression or affective lability, change in personality, apathy
post-concussional disorder
blockage of an artery by a blood clot
thrombosis
blockage of an artery by material from another part of the bloodstream
embolism
speeded-up metabolism, elevated body temperature, heat intolerance, increased appetite with weight loss, accerated heart rate, nervousness, agitation, emotional lability, fatigue, insomnia, and reduced attn span
hyperthyroidism
slowed metabolism, reduced appetite with weight gain, slowed heart rate, lowered body temperature, lethargy, depression, decreased libido, apathy, confusion, and impaired concentration and memory
hypothyroidism
which disorder is suggested by the following symptoms:
a reduced awareness of the environment, shifts in attention, distractability accompanied by disorientation to time and place, impaired language, illusions and hallucinations. These developed within the last few hours or days
delirium
Which stage of Alzheimer's is this patient in?
They have anterograde amnesia for declarative memories, deficits in visuospatial skills, are indifferent to others, irritable and sad
Stage 1
Which stage of Alzheimers is this patient in?
Notable increase in retrograde amnesia, flat/labile mood, restless and agitated, delusions, fluent aphasia, acalculia, ideomotor apraxia
Stage 2
Which stage of Alzheimer's is this patient in?
Severe deteriorated intellectual functioning, apathy, limb rigidity, urinary and fecal incontinence
Stage 3
Which disorder is suggested by the following symptoms?
Forgetfulness, impaired attention, slowed mental processes, difficulty with problem solving and concentration, apathy, social withdrawal, lack of initiative, tremor, clumsiness, saccadic eye movements
Dementia due to HIV disease