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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septae, divide the testis into...
lobules
Straight tubules originate at the seminiferous tubules and form a maze of passageways called the...
rete testis
The rete testis is connected to the epididymis by...
efferent ducts
The spermatic cord is...
a bundle of tissue that contains the ductus deferens and the blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that serve the testes.
The dense layer of tissue(connective) that surrouns the testis is called the...
tunica albuginea
Interstitial cells produce...
androgens
List 4 functions of the sustentacular cells of the seminiferous tubules.
1. maintain blood testis barrier
2. support spermiogenesis
3. secrete inhibin
4. secrete androgen binding protein
Sperm production occurs in the...
seminiferous tubules
Sperm develop from stem cells called...
spermatogonia
As developing sperm cells begin the process of meiosis, they become...
spermatocytes
The cells that are formed at the end of meiosis are called...
spermatids
The process of spermiogenesis produces...
spermatozoons
Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by...
peristaltic contractions
List the order in which sperm pass through from the testis to the penis?
epididymas>ductus deferens>ejaculatory duct>urethra
The structure that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the...
epididymis
The ductus deferens carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
The tubular structure that produces a secretion that contains fructose, prostaglandins and fibrinogen is the...
seminal vesicle
The structure that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the...
prostate gland
The small paired structures at the base of the penis that produce a lubricating secretion are the...
bulbourethral glands
Semen contains...
spermatozoons/seminal fluid/prostaglandins and enzymes. Spermatocytes are not found here.
Preputial glands secrete...
smegma
The external marking of the boundary between the two chambers of the scrotum is the...
raphe
The portion of the penis that surrounds the external urethral meatus is the...
glans
The portion of the penis that surrounds the external urethral meatus is the...
glans
The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the...
corpus spongiosum
The erectile tissue that is located on the anterior surface of the flaccid penis is the...
corpus cavernosa
The role of the pituitary hormone follicle stimulating hormone in males is to...
initiate sperm production in the testis
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is...
LH
The broad ligament is...
an extensive mesentary that encloses the ovaries, uterine tubes and uterus.
The round ligaments extend from the...
lateral margins of the uterus, through the inguinal canal to the base of the genitals.
What is the cervix?
It is the inferior portion of the uterus that projects into the vagina.
List several statements regarding oogenesis that are true.
1. at the time of birth the ovaries contain only primary oocytes
2. ova develop from stem cells called oogonia
3. an ovum will only complete meiosis if it is fertilized
4. the first meiotic division is completed just prior to ovulation.
The surge in LH that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers...
ovulation
A rise in the blood levels of FSH at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for...
follicle maturation
The average length of the menstrual cycle is ...
28 days
During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle...
a new functional layer is formed in the uterus
During the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle...
glands enlarge and accelerate their rates of secretion.
During the menses...
the old functional layer is sloughed off.
List 4 structures of the vulva.
mons pubis
labia minora
clitoris
labia majora
In the mammary gland, milk production occurs in the...
lobules
The central space bounded by the labia minora is the...
vestibule