Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/48

Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In transamination, the amino group of an amino acid is...
transferred to a keto acid
The process of deamination produces...
ammonia(NH3)
Urea is formed in the liver. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
For adults there are_____essential amino acids.
eight(8)
Nucleotides from RNA...
can provide sugars for glycolysis
Purines...
are deaminated and excreted as uric acid.
During the absorptive state...
the liver forms glycogen
List 4 processes that occur during the absorptive state.
1. glycogenolysis occurs in the liver
2. ketone bodies may be formed
3. fat mobilization occurs
4. gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver
During starvation...
a. CHO utilization increases
b. structural proteins can be used as a potential energy source.
List 4 compounds of the body that contain nitrogen.
1. amino acids
2. creatine
3. porphyrin
4. purines and pyrimidines
The nutrients that yield the most energy per gra for mrmm are...
fats.
The major cation in ECF that is essential for normal membrane function is...
sodium.
The major cation in cytoplasm that is essential for membrane function is...
potassium
The major anion in body fluids is...
chloride
A cation that is essential for muscle contraction, nerve function and blood clotting is...
calcium
An ion that is a necessary component of high energy compounds and nucleic acids and a structural component of bone is the_____ ion.
phosphate.
A cation that acts as a cofactor for enzymes that are required for normal membrane function is...
magnesium
A mineral that is a component of Hb, myoglobin and cytochromes is...`
iron
The mineral that is necessary for the proper function of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase is...
zinc.
A mineral that is necessary cofactor for Hb synthesis is...
copper
An ion that is a necessary component of high energy compounds and nucleic acids and a structural component of bone is the_____ ion.
phosphate.
A cation that acts as a cofactor for enzymes that are required for normal membrane function is...
magnesium
A mineral that is a component of Hb, myoglobin and cytochromes is...`
iron
The mineral that is necessary for the proper function of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase is...
zinc.
A mineral that is necessary cofactor for Hb synthesis is...
copper
The vitamin that plays a role in maintaining epithelia and is required for the synthesis of visual pigments is vitamin...
A
The vitamin that is required for proper bone growth is vitamin...
D
The vitamin that prevents the destruction of vitamin A and fatty acids is vitamin...
E
The vitamin that is essential for the production of several clotting factors is vitamin...
K
The vitamin that acts as a coenzyme in decarboxylation reactions is...
thiamine
The vitamin that is a constituent of the coenzymes FAD and FMN is...
riboflavin
The vitamin that is a constituent of the coenzyme NAD is...
niacin
A vitamin that plays the role of a coenzyme in amino acid and lipid metabolism is...
pyridoxine(B6)
The vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A is...
pantothenic acid
The vitamin that is a coenzyme in amino acid and nucleic acid metabolism is...
folacin
A t4 assay is used to...
obtain an index of metabolic activity.
When the temperature of the preoptic center exceeds its thermostat setting,
integumentary blood flow increases
tidal volume increases
When the temperature of the preoptic nucleus drops below acceptable levels, what happens?
1. shivering thermogenesis occurs
2. non-shivering thermogenesis occurs
3. epinephrine levels rise
4. blood returning from the limbs is shunted to deep veins.
The loss of infrared energy from the body is called...
radiation(most heat is lost in this manner)
Reactions within_____ provide most of the energy needed by a typical cell.
mitochondria
What must be present for glycolysis to occur?
glucose molecules
cytoplasmic enzymes
ATP and ADP
NAD
The ________ of the mitochondrion contains large diameter pores that are permeable to ions and small organic molecules such as pyruvic acid.
inner membrane
The function of the citric acid cycle is to...
remove H+ ions from organic molecules and transfer them to coenzymes.
A ________ acts as an intermediary that accepts electrons from one molecule and transfer them to another molecule.
coenzyme
Each cytochrome contains...
a protein and a pigment.
A high uric acid level above 7.4mg/dl can lead to the painful condition known as...
gout
Obesity is described as a body weight more than_____% above the ideal body weight for an individual.
20%
Although other nutrients can be broken down to provide substrates for the TCA cycle,_______ requires the least processing and preparation.
CHO